Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FR-2022-33/2871 – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 12 August 2022 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine, Green Transition|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||14 September 2022 (updated 17 September 2022)|
In a context of rising energy prices, the government has taken measures to reduce the cost of transport while meeting greenhouse gas reduction targets through decree No. 2022-1151 of 12 August 2022 and law n° 2022-1157 of 16 August 2022 . The main measures are the reinforcement of national aid for the purchase of a bicycle, the reinforcement of the conversion premium for the purchase of a vehicle, the modification of the amounts of the ecological bonus for the purchase of a vehicle, the increase in the annual tax and social security exemption ceiling for fuel costs for the employer and the increase in the tax and social security exemption ceiling for the sustainable mobility package for the employer.
Support for the purchase of a bicycle
The decree provides for the reinforcement of the ecological bonus and the conversion premium for the purchase of a bicycle.
The ecological bonus for the purchase of a new bicycle is now up to €400. The amount of the ecological bonus has also been increased to €2,000 for the purchase of a cargo bike, a folding bicycle, a bicycle adapted for people with disabilities - electrically assisted or not -, an electric bicycle trailer. In addition, people with disabilities, regardless of their income level, are now eligible for the bonus, which was previously only awarded on a means-tested basis.
The amount of the conversion bonus, granted for the purchase of a new or used electrically assisted bicycle in exchange for scrapping a polluting vehicle, has been increased to €3,000. In low-emission zones, the state grants an additional premium of up to €1,000, provided that the same bicycle has received local aid.
Finally, the conversion premium is also being extended to families. The scrapping of a polluting vehicle now gives entitlement to a conversion premium for the purchase of a bicycle by several members of the same tax household.
Aid for the purchase or lease of low-polluting vehicles
The purchase amount of of low-polluting vehicles, which allows access to a maximum bonus of €6,000 for private individuals, is increased from €45,000 to €47,000. In addition, the possible billing period for these vehicles is extended to 30 June 2023 (for vehicles ordered before 31 December 2022). The changes provided for in the decree are in force from 15 August to 31 December 2022. This aid can be combined with each other and with any local aid. They are in force from 15 August to 31 December 2022.
Improving the coverage of transport costs
Since the promulgation of law n° 2022-1157 of 16 August 2022, the exemption threshold for the coverage of transport costs has been legally increased to 75% of the cost of the public transport season ticket. This increase of 25 percentage points in the exemption thresholds concerns the years 2022 and 2023 and does not modify the compulsory threshold of coverage, which remains at 50% of the cost of the employee's public transport pass. In addition, the annual exemption ceilings for the transport allowance and the sustainable mobility package have been increased for the years 2022 and 2023.
As this is a new measure, there is no data available.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Reduction of transport costs and greenhouse gases, measure FR-2022-33/2871 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2022-33_2871.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.