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Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure FR-2022-33/2871 – measures in France

Reduction of transport costs and greenhouse gases

Renforcement des aides à la mobilité

Country France , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 12 August 2022 – 31 December 2023
Context War in Ukraine, Green Transition
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Responses to inflation
– Other
Author Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound
Measure added 14 September 2022 (updated 17 September 2022)

Background information

In a context of rising energy prices, the government has taken measures to reduce the cost of transport while meeting greenhouse gas reduction targets through decree No. 2022-1151 of 12 August 2022 and law n° 2022-1157 of 16 August 2022 . The main measures are the reinforcement of national aid for the purchase of a bicycle, the reinforcement of the conversion premium for the purchase of a vehicle, the modification of the amounts of the ecological bonus for the purchase of a vehicle, the increase in the annual tax and social security exemption ceiling for fuel costs for the employer and the increase in the tax and social security exemption ceiling for the sustainable mobility package for the employer.

Content of measure

Support for the purchase of a bicycle

The decree provides for the reinforcement of the ecological bonus and the conversion premium for the purchase of a bicycle.

  • Reinforcement of the ecological bonus

The ecological bonus for the purchase of a new bicycle is now up to €400. The amount of the ecological bonus has also been increased to €2,000 for the purchase of a cargo bike, a folding bicycle, a bicycle adapted for people with disabilities - electrically assisted or not -, an electric bicycle trailer. In addition, people with disabilities, regardless of their income level, are now eligible for the bonus, which was previously only awarded on a means-tested basis.

  • Reinforcement of the conversion bonus

The amount of the conversion bonus, granted for the purchase of a new or used electrically assisted bicycle in exchange for scrapping a polluting vehicle, has been increased to €3,000. In low-emission zones, the state grants an additional premium of up to €1,000, provided that the same bicycle has received local aid.

Finally, the conversion premium is also being extended to families. The scrapping of a polluting vehicle now gives entitlement to a conversion premium for the purchase of a bicycle by several members of the same tax household.

Aid for the purchase or lease of low-polluting vehicles

The purchase amount of of low-polluting vehicles, which allows access to a maximum bonus of €6,000 for private individuals, is increased from €45,000 to €47,000. In addition, the possible billing period for these vehicles is extended to 30 June 2023 (for vehicles ordered before 31 December 2022). The changes provided for in the decree are in force from 15 August to 31 December 2022. This aid can be combined with each other and with any local aid. They are in force from 15 August to 31 December 2022.

Improving the coverage of transport costs

Since the promulgation of law n° 2022-1157 of 16 August 2022, the exemption threshold for the coverage of transport costs has been legally increased to 75% of the cost of the public transport season ticket. This increase of 25 percentage points in the exemption thresholds concerns the years 2022 and 2023 and does not modify the compulsory threshold of coverage, which remains at 50% of the cost of the employee's public transport pass. In addition, the annual exemption ceilings for the transport allowance and the sustainable mobility package have been increased for the years 2022 and 2023.

Use of measure

As this is a new measure, there is no data available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Applies to all businesses Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A

Involvement

No involvement.

Views and reactions

No information.

Sources

  • 07 July 2022: Décret n° 2022-994 du 7 juillet 2022 portant majoration de la rémunération des personnels civils et militaires de l'Etat, des personnels des collectivités territoriales et des établissements publics d'hospitalisation (www.legifrance.gouv.fr)
  • 12 August 2022: Décret n° 2022-1151 du 12 août 2022 relatif aux aides à l'acquisition ou à la location de véhicules peu polluants (www.legifrance.gouv.fr)
  • 16 August 2022: Loi n° 2022-1158 du 16 août 2022 portant mesures d'urgence pour la protection du pouvoir d'achat (www.legifrance.gouv.fr)
  • 16 August 2022: Loi n° 2022-1157 du 16 août 2022 de finances rectificative pour 2022 (www.legifrance.gouv.fr)

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Reduction of transport costs and greenhouse gases, measure FR-2022-33/2871 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2022-33_2871.html

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