Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FR-2022-27/2870 – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 July 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
– Increasing income in general
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||14 September 2022 (updated 09 November 2022)|
On 28 June 2022, the government announced a general increase of 3.5% in the index point for civil servants. This is effective from 1 July for all civil servants (State, public hospital and local authority staff). This is a historic increase in the index point, the highest since 1985, i.e. 37 years. It represents a total cost of €7.5 billion.
The general 3.5% increase in the index point for public servants will allow for an increase in the remuneration of public servants.
The Ministry of the Economy has given some concrete examples of this increase:
In addition, with the increase in the index point, the 700,000 agents who were paid at the level of the SMIC (minimum wage) will now be paid above the SMIC level. From 1 July 2022, there will no longer be any public servants paid at the SMIC level alone.
This measure applies to all public servants.
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The government has launched a "Pay conference" to discuss with the representative trade unions about the increase of the public sector wages. Therefore, trade unions were consulted and could give their opinion.
Although the trade unions have taken note of the 3.5% increase in the index point, they would like the government to do better for the purchasing power of civil servants. The Confédération générale du travail / General Confederation of Labour (CGT), the first representative organisation in the public sector, asked before the pay conference for a 'minimum of 10%', retroactivity to 1 January and indexation of the index point to inflation. The decision taken does not suit it.
The Confédération Française démocratique du Travail / French Democratic Confederation of Labour (CFDT) considers that 3.5% is not a negligible first step and is satisfied that the measure concerns civil servants but also contractual workers. Furthermore, it demands additional measures of social justice because for it 'to act only on the value of the point is to the advantage of the highest salaries'. In particular, it considers once again that special attention should be paid to 'the bottom of the grid of the B and C categories of civil servants'.
Confédération Générale du Travail-Force Ouvrière / General Confederation of Labour – Force ouvrière (FO) is disappointed: 'it is clearly insufficient. For civil servants, the loss of purchasing power amounts to 25% since 2000. We'll see at the beginning of the school year, it's not in July that you're going to mobilise. We will consult and, by then, we will also know what the government will do about the pension reform'.
Eurofound (2022), Increase in remuneration for public servants, measure FR-2022-27/2870 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2022-27_2870.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.