Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FR-2022-25/2395 – Updated – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 15 June 2022 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
– Support for energy bills
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||20 May 2022 (updated 28 February 2023)|
Supporting businesses whose gas and electricity costs represent a high proportion of their expenses. This is the objective of the aid set up by the Government as part of the economic and social resilience plan.
The aim of this aid is to mitigate the effects of the energy crisis, to support the competitiveness of companies and to avoid production stoppages at the sites that consume the most gas and electricity, particularly those providing essential production. It is a temporary, targeted and capped emergency aid.
The scheme targets companies whose gas and electricity purchases amounted to at least 3% of their turnover in 2021 and which experience a doubling of their unit cost of electricity or gas purchases (in euros/MWh).
The aid compensates for a share of the eligible costs, i.e. the additional costs of gas or electricity compared to 2021 beyond this doubling. Depending on the company's situation, the aid will be granted in the following ways:
For companies which are part of a group, the amount of the aid ceilings will be assessed at group level. Compliance with the eligibility criteria relating to electricity and gas expenditure, EBITDA and eligible costs will be verified and calculated by a trusted third party (accountant or auditor).
The scheme will open in the second half of June for applications for the first quarterly eligible period March-April-May. An application for the second eligible period June-July-August will be opened later.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|19 November 2022||
Since February 2022, gas and electricity prices have risen sharply. In July 2022, as part of the economic and social resilience plan, the Government introduced a grant for the companies that consume the most gas and electricity. The criteria for obtaining this aid have been simplified since 19 November 2022. These will apply from September/October 2022. This aid for the payment of energy bills is extended for the year 2023.
|30 August 2022||
Initially supposed to stop at the end of August, the support fund for companies that consume a lot of gas and electricity for their activity will be extended until the end of December 2022, said Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire on 30 August. The criteria for access to this three billion euro envelope will also be "simplified" and "lightened", he added. A decree will have to be adopted soon.
Not available yet.
|Does not apply to workers||
Companies providing essential services
|Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Sectoral social partner have been consulted to design the measures (mainly employers' organisations).
The measures were supported by the main sectoral social partners.
Eurofound (2022), Subsidy for companies that are large consumers of gas and electricity, measure FR-2022-25/2395 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2022-25_2395.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.