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Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure FR-2022-1/2869 – measures in France

Lower social security contributions for the self-employed

Baisse des cotisations sociales pour les indépendants

Country France , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 January 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Responses to inflation
– Increasing income in general
Author Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound
Measure added 14 September 2022 (updated 17 September 2022)

Background information

The law on emergency measures to protect purchasing power of 16 August 2022 and the rectifying finance law for 2022 constitute the "purchasing power package" planned by the government to fight inflation. These texts notably provide for a permanent reduction in social security contributions paid by self-employed workers whose net income is close to the minimum wage.

Content of measure

For periods starting on or after 1 January 2022, the reduction in health insurance contributions for self-employed (craftsmen, traders, the liberal professions, farm managers and their collaborating spouses) will be increased for those whose remuneration is close to or below the legal minimum wage (SMIC).

In concrete terms, the rate of contribution will become zero up to a level equivalent to 40% of the annual social security ceiling (i.e. €16,454.40). This reduction will amount to approximately €550 per year, for an income equivalent to the SMIC. It will apply to contributions due for income in 2022, with the first effects at the beginning of 2023 when self-employed workers will pay their social security contributions based on 2022 income.

Use of measure

More than 2 million self-employed (craftsmen, shopkeepers, self-employed professionals, farm managers, micro-entrepreneurs, farmers) are affected by this gain in purchasing power related to the social contribution reduction.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Self-employed
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement Consulted
Form Not applicable Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level

Involvement

No detailed information. Employers' organisation have been consulted on the measure but it is mainly a governmental decision.

Views and reactions

No information. The measure should be welcomed by the employers' organisation organising the self-employed.

Sources

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Lower social security contributions for the self-employed, measure FR-2022-1/2869 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2022-1_2869.html

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