European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure FR-2022-1/2864 – measures in France

Monetisation of rest days

Paiement des jours de repos liés à la réduction du temps de travail

Country France , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 January 2022 – 31 December 2025
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Responses to inflation
– Increasing income in general
Author Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound
Measure added 13 September 2022 (updated 09 November 2022)

Background information

Since the reform on the reduction of working time of 2000 with the reduction of the working week from 39 hours to 35 hours, employees benefit from a reduction of working time in the form of additional rest days. In order to support employees' purchasing power, the government decided to allow employees to request payment for their unused rest days instead of obliging them to be used as rest days.

Content of measure

Employees, regardless of the size of their company and with the agreement of the employer, are now allowed to convert into salary days or half-days of reduced working time (RTT) not taken. This concerns RTT days acquired for periods after 1 January 2022 and up to 31 December 2025.

It concerns both days resulting from a working time reduction scheme (RTT) and rest days set up under an agreement on the organisation of working time over a period longer than a week.

If the employer accepts the employee's request for "monetisation", the days or half-days worked are increased by an amount at least equal to the rate of increase of the first hour of overtime applicable to the company, i.e. 25% in the absence of a collective agreement (that can reduce the rate). On the other hand, they do not included in the overtime quota.

The sums resulting from this "monetisation" are subject to the same tax and social security regime as overtime (exemption from income tax up to a ceiling of €7,500, exemption from employee old-age insurance contributions, flat-rate deduction of the employer's social security contributions depending on the size of the company).

Use of measure

As it is a new measure, there is no data available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
Social insurance
Employer
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level

Involvement

No detailed information. As the representative social partners participate in the management bodies of the social security branches, they are necessarily consulted, even if the consultation is only a formality as the decision is already taken by government.

Views and reactions

About all the measures adopted to increase the purchase power of workers, all the trade union organisations, and in particular the five representative trade union confederations and the organisations representing young people, denounced, in a declaration of 21 July, the legislative measures announced by the government, including the generalisation of profit sharing.

They consider 'that wages are part of the sharing of wealth' and they 'are unanimous on the fact that the priority issue must be to increase wages, pensions, minimum social benefits and student grants'. However, the trade unions denounce the fact that 'a succession of one-off measures, mainly financed by the State, cannot constitute a sufficient package to respond to the emergency'. Moreover, the trade unions and youth organisations point out that 'these exemptions and reductions in contributions are undermining our collective social protection system'.

In particular, the trade unions are opposed to the conversion of RTT into remuneration for private sector employees. For them, it is above all a contradiction in terms. 'Employees will see the RTT as a potential source of income, and give up this extra time to rest,' said Vincent Gautheron, a member of the Confédération générale du travail / General Confederation of Labour executive committee, on 2 August. Moreover, 'many branches, such as the hotel and catering industry and personal assistance, do not have RTT, and will therefore not see an increase in their pay'. The trade unions are particularly concerned about a 'cut' in the 35-hour working week. 'Monetising the days of RTT amounts to inciting employees to "work more to earn more" to the detriment of the right to rest', which 'is nevertheless enshrined in the Constitution and' in European and international texts, adds the Confédération Générale du Travail-Force Ouvrière / General Confederation of Labour – Force ouvrière (FO). Another reproach, raised by FO: the tax and social exemption of the sums received when buying back these RTT. 'It is a net loss for the social security funds', regrets Michel Beaugas, FO Confederal Secretary. Interviewed by AFP, the president of the Confédération des Travailleurs Chrétiens / French Christian Workers’ Confederation (CFTC) Cyril Chabanier considers that 'the employees who want to buy back their RTT are not those who want to work more to earn more, but those who want above all a decent salary'.

On the employers' side, the measures presented by the government are better accepted (see Press article in Source box).

It has to be noticed that the government has issued a « package » of measure through 2 law adopted on 16 August. Instead of creating a factsheet of the package, the national correspondent has created FS for each relevant measure. But on their side, the trade unions have published a global and common position to the whole package and not measure by measure. This is why this comment about the social partners views has the same content. 

Sources

  • 16 August 2022: Loi n° 2022-1157 du 16 août 2022 de finances rectificative pour 2022 (www.legifrance.gouv.fr)
  • 31 August 2022: A la grand-messe du Medef, les patrons prêts à utiliser la boîte à outils de la loi «pouvoir d'achat» (www.usinenouvelle.com)

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Monetisation of rest days, measure FR-2022-1/2864 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2022-1_2864.html

Share

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023

 

Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. As winter approaches, preventing and addressing energy poverty becomes a priority. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound’s EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.

Article

12 September 2022

 

First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Article

12 September 2022

 

Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022

 

Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.

Article

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.