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Factsheet for measure FR-2021-3/2984 Updated – measures in France

Collective transition

Transition collective - TransCo

Country France , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 15 January 2021
Context COVID-19, Green Transition, Digital Transformation, Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound
Measure added 07 November 2022 (updated 28 February 2023)

Background information

Co-constructed with trade unions and employers' organisations, the Collective Transitions scheme - also known as Transco - aims to help employers and employees to cope with changes that may affect their company's model and activity. It is aimed at companies with a development perspective and at companies undergoing change (changes in work organisation, technological transition, environmental transition, etc.). It promotes the mobility of employees in vulnerable professions.

Content of measure

Transitions Collectives aims to promote the professional mobility of employees, particularly between sectors, and to encourage retraining on a regional scale. It enables employees whose jobs are in jeopardy to retrain in a secure environment for a promising job in their local area. The Collective Transitions scheme is divided into two parts:

  • Collective Transitions - Transco is based on the legal support of the Professional Transitions Project (PTP). The remuneration of the employee who benefits from it is maintained, within the limit of 2 times the minimum wage (90% above). In addition, this part of the scheme offers the employee the possibility of returning to his or her company at the end of the training.
  • Transco - Mobility leave is based on mobility leave, after the employer has concluded a collective bargaining agreement (RCC) or a job and career management agreement (GEPP). In this case, the employee's remuneration is also maintained, with no ceiling. These two components of the Collective Transitions scheme enable employees to undergo retraining for up to 24 months (or 2,400 hours).

For these two components, the remuneration and training costs are covered by the State, either totally or partially, depending on the size of the company. In the case of Transco - Congé de mobilité, the employer pays at least 65% of the remuneration and the State finances the remainder, which allows a level of remuneration almost equivalent to the net salary to be maintained.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

07 February 2023

One year after its launch, the collective transitions scheme (Transco) is struggling to get off the ground. In September 2022, the government therefore announced a number of changes to facilitate its deployment, particularly among SMEs. An instruction dated 7 February 2022 from the Ministry of Labour (DGEFP), which replaces the one published at the beginning of 2021, simplifies the scheme while creating a complementary scheme, called "Transco-congé de mobilité", which aims to support the professional retraining of employees opting for mobility leave. The instruction simplifies the procedures for implementing collective transitions, in particular its access to employers with less than 300 employees. It allows them to define the list of weakened professions by unilateral decision and not by company agreement. In addition, the labour administration completes the list of aids to which companies can resort in order to mobilise the system.

Use of measure

By the end of the summer of 2021, only 64 companies had opened a space on the Transitions pro site (see source, Le Monde 2022).

During an initial assessment in the autumn of 2021, the Ministry of Labour admitted that the result had not lived up to expectations, announcing a forthcoming reform. This was announced on 7 February 2022. The new version of Transco, which was drawn up after consultation with the social partners, is intended to be more attractive to employers in small businesses.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social partners jointly
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


The scheme has been elaborated by the social partners jointly and the government in the framework of the "Plan de relance" the relaunch the economy after the COVID-19 crisis.

Views and reactions

As social partners were at the initiative of the design of this measure, they support it.


  • 07 February 2022: Instruction N° DGEFP/2022/35 du 7 février 2022 relative au déploiement du dispositif «Transitions collectives » prévu par France relance (
  • 25 February 2022: Le Monde (2022), « Transitions collectives » : le ministère du travail revoit sa copie (
  • 09 May 2022: Ministère de l'Economie, Transitions Collectives (Transco) (
  • 07 February 2023: Instruction N° DGEFP/2022/35 du 7 février 2022 relative au déploiement du dispositif «Transitions collectives » prévu par France relance (


Eurofound (2022), Collective transition, measure FR-2021-3/2984 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.