Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FR-2021-11/1177 – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 08 March 2021 – 30 June 2025|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||24 September 2020 (updated 30 July 2021)|
Faced with 'an economic, social and societal crisis impacting the entire air transport sector' and a recovery of activity envisaged in 2023/2024, the employers' organisations FNAM and Samera signed, on 5 March 2021, with the 5 trade union CFDT, CFE-CGC, CGT, Unsa and Solidaires, an agreement 'on the implementation of the specific partial activity scheme in the event of a lasting reduction in activity'. The system, whose duration is set at 24 months, consecutive or not, over a reference period of 36 consecutive months, should make it possible to 'meet the needs of companies in the sector in the months and years to come'.
Companies are invited to give priority to the implementation of the long-term short-time working scheme (APLD) through collective bargaining (at establishment, company or group level). Failing that, they may make use of the system "by means of a document drawn up by the employer at company or establishment level". This document must define the activities and employees to which the system applies. In this respect, the agreement stresses that the APLD can benefit "all the employees of the company or establishment" or "a part of the establishment such as, for example, a management, an activity, a workshop, a department or a team".
The reduction in working hours applicable to each employee may not exceed 40% of the legal working time (up to 50% in exceptional cases). The employees concerned will receive, "instead of their salary", an hourly allowance, paid by the employer, under the conditions set by the legislation.
Companies in the sector must undertake not to make redundancies for economic reasons from employees placed on short-time working during the period of application of the APLD scheme. However, "if the establishment or company were to find itself in an economic situation that would no longer allow it to continue its activity", the signatories agree that "the commitments made in terms of maintaining employment could no longer be maintained".
Commitment to vocational training
The signatories recall the possibility for companies in the branch to request from the joint body in charge of financing vocational training (Opco AKTO) "HR diagnostic and advisory services in order to benefit from personalised support in managing their human resources, adapted to the context of the resumption of activity following the health crisis". In terms of training, the branch stresses the importance of "continuing to train employees in essential skills in order to best support the recovery of activity in air transport companies" and "to make the most of periods of unemployment under the specific partial activity scheme to maintain and develop employees' skills and qualifications".
Supplementation of the personal training account
The signatories encourage companies to top up "according to their economic situation", the personal training account of their employees within the framework of "a professional path validated by the company when the training takes place during working hours". This top-up "could take the form of partial or total coverage of the remaining costs of training and the provision of the employee to follow the training".
The social partners of the branch ask the public authorities for the possibility of mobilising the available resources of the skills operator and public subsidies dedicated to training.
Monitoring of the agreement
The permanent joint commission for negotiation and interpretation (CPPNI) will be responsible for evaluating the application of the agreement in the first quarter of 2022, 2023 and 2024, in particular on the basis of information that may be provided by the OPCO. An assessment will also be made at the end of the agreement, i.e. in the second half of 2025.
The branch of Transport and air work covers 535 companies (76% with less than 50 employees) and 86,000 employees.
Employees in standard employment
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners on branch level have negotiated the agreement and no trade union had denounced it. They have asked for extension and the ministry of Labour has agreed the extension by an order of 29 April 2021 (see source section).
As the agreement has been negotiated and signed by a majority of social partner, the content is considered as given satisfaction to the sectoral social partners.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|H - Transportation And Storage||H51 Air transport|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Long-term short-working scheme for the air transport sector, measure FR-2021-11/1177 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2021-11_1177.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.