Factsheet for case FR-2020-22/1159 – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 29 May 2020 – 31 July 2020|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Employment protection and retention
– Working time and working time flexibility
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Case created||21 September 2020|
Taking into account of 'the exceptional situation caused by COVID-19' , the management of ArianeGroup concluded an agreement on 29 May 2020 aimed at 'defining the modalities of implementation of the social measures mobilised during this period of crisis and its consequences' .
This text, signed with the CFDT, CFE-CGC and FO trade unions, notably sets up a solidarity fund to provide additional compensation for periods of short-time working scheduled until 31 July 2020. The text provides for other guarantees to support short-time working. It also provides for the return to work to be organised 'in successive waves, to ensure the best possible health conditions, with a maximum of two waves per week' . According to the group's main trade union organisation, the agreement allows employees to benefit from short-time working compensation close to 100% of their net pay instead of the legal 84% in the absence of an agreement.
Creation of a solidarity fund
In order to 'provide additional compensation to employees on short-time working who do not benefit from full maintenance of their net pay' , the agreement sets up a solidarity fund based on a principle of solidarity between the different categories of employees. Until 5 July, the fund will be fed via :
The agreement defines other measures to accompany the implementation of short-time working, namely:
The agreement takes into account Order no. 2020-323 of 25 March 2020 see FR-2020-13/491 , which allows for the terms and conditions for taking paid holidays to be adapted. In this context, ArianeGroup states that it has imposed, for employees whose activity has not resumed after the period of partial unemployment or is again suspended, the taking of paid holidays:
In any event, these arrangements must not prevent each employee from being entitled to a main leave of at least two consecutive weeks within the legal period for taking leave. In addition, employers must ensure that they encourage employees to take paid leave during the summer period in order to ensure that they have the right to take paid leave with their family, particularly when the employee is a family carer as defined in Article L. 3142-16 of the Labour Code.
The agreement applies to the whole employees of Ariane Group in France. The group employs 9,000 people in total in France and Germany. The breakdown is not available. Official sources estimate the number of employees in France from 2,000 to 4,999.
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Company / Companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Negotiated|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners have negotiated the agreement, that was signed by management and three of the four representative trade unions CFE-CGC, CFDT and FO. The three trade unions represent 78% of the votes at the last workplace elections.
The three trade unions that have signed the agreement support the measures. The main trade union, CFE-CGC, regrets that Ariane Group does not participate enough financially. Nevertheless, the union appreciate the neutralisation at its expense of the negative consequences of the short-working time such as, for example, the amount of the annual bonuses, the retirement and asbestos severance payments, the complementary pension scheme AGIRC-ARRCO pension points, the supplementary pension, the variable financial participation.
The CFE-CGC welcomes that employees benefit from a short-time working compensation close to 100% of their net salary instead of the legal 84% in the absence of an agreement.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|C - Manufacturing||C30 Manufacture of other transport equipment|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), New agreement within the Ariane-Group contains solidarity fund and other measures, case FR-2020-22/1159 (measures in France), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.