European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure FR-2020-14/218 – measures in France

Airbus agreement for making up unworked hours during its production suspension period

un accord chez Airbus pour organiser la récupération des heures non travaillées pendant la période d’interruption des activités

Country France , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 31 March 2020 – 31 December 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Changes of working hours or work arrangements
Author Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound
Measure added 31 March 2020 (updated 10 May 2020)

Background information

On 20 March, the Airbus Group signed an agreement that was supplemented on 26 March with an addendum concerning unworked time (hours and days) due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The addendum sets out a production suspension regime for the period running from 23 March to 5 April and defines ‘arrangements for a gradual resumption of activity out to the end of 2020, in line the needs of the different company’s divisions sectors and their individual workloads’.

Content of measure

This agreement qualifies as unworked time the hours and the days not worked during the weeks from 23 March to 5 April 2020, following the collective judgment or limitation of certain activities in the Group as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The agreement was signed by Donald Fraty, head of human resources France and the trade unions organisations represented at national level and in the Group level. Recovery by hours worked on weekdays, Saturdays and/or days holidays, will be planned by managers according to an indicative calendar between the end of the crisis and 30 June 2021.

By way of derogation, each employee may recover hours or days lost, up to 3 maximum days, by using days of leave available in the counters of employees concerned (statutory holidays, RTT, CET, ATC, CETC, modulation fund, etc. according to entities). This possibility will be open to each employee at the end of 2020. The manager may at the same time, by derogation and if he considers that part of the remaining recovery will not be possible in the first half of 2021, authorize the use of days off beyond 3 days to recover the hours and days lost.

Use of measure

Any bonuses or ancillary wages, which were due with regard to the scheduling of work during this period of collective work interruption, will be maintained. An assessment will be made at the end of the first half of 2021 to ensure that all lost hours and days have been recovered in working time or through the use of rest counters.


  • Working time flexibility

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Larger corporations
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Trade unions
Company / Companies
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Only trade unions
  • Main level of involvement: Company level



Views and reactions

Bi-partite agreement between Head of Human resources France and trade unions.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C30 Manufacture of other transport equipment

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 20 March 2020: Amendment no.1 to the Group agreement for recuperation of lost hours and days recovery of hours and days lost as part of the COVID 19 epidemic from March 20, 2020 (
  • 25 March 2020: Official Journal - Order no 2020-324 du 25 mars 2020 on emergency measures de revenus de remplacement mentionnés à l’article L. 5421 2 du code du travail (


Eurofound (2020), Airbus agreement for making up unworked hours during its production suspension period, measure FR-2020-14/218 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

19 May 2022


Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021

This publication consists of individual country reports on working life during 2021 for 28 countries (the 27 EU Member States and Norway).


24 June 2020


COVID-19: Policy responses across Europe

This report aims to present an overview of both large-scale government measures and collective agreements that impact on large groups of workers.

16 June 2022


COVID-19 in the workplace: Employer's responsibility to ensure a safe workplace

Throughout 2021, the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, specific occupational health and safety rules were reintroduced due to increases in infection rates.


16 June 2022


Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.