Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FR-2018-26/2559 – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 29 June 2018|
|Context||Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Reorientation of business activities
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 23 November 2022)|
This instrument was developed during the economic recession in 2009. At that time, 10 commissioners for reindustrialisation were appointed. In July 2012, the commissioners were renamed and their number increased. The measure was confirmed in April 2018 and the commissioners were renamed again.
Attached to both the regional prefects and the DREETS, the Commissioners are the entry points for companies facing economic difficulties.
The Commissioners are at the heart of the system for anticipating and supporting companies in difficulty with fewer than 400 employees. Their scope of intervention focuses primarily on industrial companies with more than 50 employees.
Commissioners carry out an early detection action in order to anticipate as early as possible the fragility of the company and offer them solutions adapted to their needs. In this frame, they have a double mission at local level:
They provide personalised support and advice for companies facing economic difficulties and help them find solutions at the local level. In order to make early detection of companies' difficulties more efficient, the Commissioners can now rely on artificial intelligence and a new partnership approach bringing together several public players: they have access to the 'Weak Signals' system. This platform, based on available companies' data from different administrations, allows to detect a risk of failure at 18 months. Experimentations of this new tool started as soon as 2014 in one French region, before the decision to generalise, was passed in 2019.
There are between one and three commissioner(s) per region (23 commissioners in the whole country as of 5 June 2020) appointed by the Minister in charge of the economy on proposal of the regional prefects. They cover all French metropolitan regions.
From July 2012 to December 2018, the number of companies which benefited from this support was 4,028, and more than 270,000 jobs were maintained. In 2018, the Commissioners supported 2,050 companies (over 75% of which are SMEs and industrial mid-sized businesses with 164 employees on average), with a success rate of over 90%. Automotive industry, construction, agri-food, woodworking, metalworking and electronics sectors were the main benefiting sectors.
An interesting point is that, in 2016, only a minority of companies supported were placed in bankruptcy (338 out of 2,596) which might demonstrate that early warning measures put in place by the Commissioners, in link with relevant local actors, were efficient.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Local / regional government
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Commissioner to productive recovery, measure FR-2018-26/2559 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2018-26_2559.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.