Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FI-2023-1/2940 – Updated – measures in Finland
|Country||Finland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 January 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping or obtaining a safe home
|Author||Amanda Kinnunen (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||29 September 2022 (updated 11 July 2023)|
Due to Russia's war in Ukraine and the wave of people fleeing the war, the government of Finland proposed an amendment to the Act on the Promotion of Immigrant Integration 1386/2010 [Laki kotoutumisen edistämisestä]. The amendment would allow the state to reimburse municipalities for the cost of services provided to Ukrainian refugees arriving in Finland under the EU Directive on Temporary Protection 2001/55/EC as beneficiaries of international protection. The expectations of the municipalities and other authorities to provide services will increase once Ukrainian refugees who are under the Directive of Temporary Protection have been in the country for a full year.
Those arriving in Finland under the Directive on Temporary Protection are covered by reception facilities, since they do not have a home municipality in Finland. In the spring of 2023, Ukrainians who have been in Finland for a full year can register a home municipality.
However, the current legal framework does not allow for the state to compensate municipalities and welfare regions for services provided to beneficiaries of temporary protection. The change in the legal framework is needed to allow municipalities to receive reimbursement for the cost of services provided to Ukrainians who have international protection status.
The measure also proposes that unaccompanied minors granted temporary protection should receive housing and support services in the same way as unaccompanied minors who are quota refugees or beneficiaries of international protection, and that the costs should be reimbursed to the municipality and the welfare region.
The proposed amendment is connected to the fiscal budget of 2023 and is to be discussed in connection to the budget. Thus, no costs estimates have yet been announced. In the 2022 budget, the state had earmarked €157 million in support for the municipalities’ integration measures.
Around 29,000 persons fleeing the war of aggression have applied for temporary protection in Finland. By the end of this year, the Ministry of the Interior estimates that between 40,000 and 80,000 persons have arrived in Finland from Ukraine. The government estimates that a 18,667 will apply for a home municipality.
In March 2023, new estimates by the Ministry of the Interior state, that two thirds of all Ukrainians who have arrived in Finland under temporary protection, will stay in Finland and receive a home municipality. This would mean that a maximum of around 52,000 Ukrainians would apply for a home municipality. About 2,000 people had received a home municipality during March 2023.
By the end of June 2023, the Finnish Immigration Service has received 58,282 applications for temporary protection.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Both trade unions and employer's organisations on peak level and sectoral level have been invited to participate in the consultation round.
Both the Finnish confederation of Industries (EK) and the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK) have welcomed and expressed support for the government’s proposal.
Eurofound (2022), Reimbursement by state to municipalities for services provided to Ukrainian refugees, measure FI-2023-1/2940 (measures in Finland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FI-2023-1_2940.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.