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Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure FI-2022-49/2800 – measures in Finland

Temporary reduction on value added tax on electricity

Sähkön arvonlisäveron väliaikainen laskeminen

Country Finland , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 December 2022 – 30 April 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Other initiatives or policies
Category Responses to inflation
– Support for energy bills
Author Amanda Kinnunen (Oxford Research) and Eurofound
Measure added 05 September 2022 (updated 16 September 2022)

Background information

Russia's invasion of Ukraine has affected Europe's energy supply and energy prices. The government of Finland stated in the most recent negotiations for budget amendments that a return to the old prices is unlikely to happen in the near future. Thus, the government has agreed to reduce the value added tax on electricity to counter the social effects of rising energy prices. In addition, the government of Finland is making preparations for an EU-level exception to the Energy Tax Directive 2003/96/EC in order to lower the VAT rate on electricity to lower than 10%.

Content of measure

The government decided to reduce the VAT rate on electricity from 24% to 10% for a limited period from the beginning of December 2022 until the end of April 2023. This is aimed at curbing the impact of rising energy costs on the daily lives of the citizens.

The measure is part of the Finnish government’s latest budget amendment, totalling the budget of 2023 to €80 billion and adding €8 billion of new fiscal debt. The Ministry of Finance has calculated that the reduction is expected to reduce government VAT revenue by an estimated €209 million.

Use of measure

The measure is a general measure targeting all citizens. The effects of the VAT reduction planned by the government on the energy costs of households will vary vastly depending on levels of consumption. Between December 2022 and April 2023 the household saving can vary from only a few euros to several hundred euros.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A

Involvement

Case not in social partner domain.

Views and reactions

The Finnish confederation of Industries (EK) has commented on the government’s budget stating that they understand the spending increases in exceptional circumstances. However, they remain critical to the increasing fiscal debt. Finnish Electrical Workers´ Union on the other hand had put forward a suggestion to reduce the VAT on Energy from 24% to 10% or even 5% already in August 2022.

Sources

  • 22 August 2022: "A way to immediately alleviate the cost burden for the consumer." ("Välitön keino helpottaa kuluttajan maksutaakkaa" (demokraatti.fi)
  • 01 September 2022: Amendment budget gives solutions for curbing t,e rise in electricity prices, clean energy, increasing the vitality of eastern Finland and RDI funding. (Budjettiriihestä ratkaisuja sähkön hinnan nousun hillintään, puhtaaseen energiaan, itäisen Suomen elinvoiman lisäämiseen ja TKI-rahoitukseen.) (tem.fi)
  • 01 September 2022: The government is reducing VAT on energy (Hallitus laskee sähkön arvonlisäveroa) (www.hs.fi)
  • 01 September 2022: Minister Saarikko called for social responsibility from electricity companies (Ministeri Saarikko vaati sähköyhtiöiltä yhteiskuntavastuuta) (yle.fi)
  • 01 September 2022: The VAT on electricity is temporary reduced to 10 percent (Sähkön arvonlisävero laskee väliaikaisesti 10 prosenttiin) (www.sahkoliitto.fi)
  • 02 September 2022: A burst of critique against the budget amendment. (Hallituksen budjettiesitykselle sataa kritiikkiä) (tem.fi)

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Temporary reduction on value added tax on electricity, measure FI-2022-49/2800 (measures in Finland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FI-2022-49_2800.html

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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.