Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FI-2022-36/2872 – measures in Finland
|Country||Finland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 September 2022 – 31 December 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
– Support for fuel expenses
|Author||Amanda Kinnunen (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||14 September 2022 (updated 19 June 2023)|
To mitigate the effect of rising energy costs caused by the war in Ukraine, the government of Finland has decided to temporarily compensate fuel costs for land transportation companies. The government wants to support transportation companies and ensure the security of fuel supplies by compensating transportation companies for their fuel costs.
The parliament passed the Act on Temporary Fuel Cost Support for the Transport Sector [Lakikuljetusalan yritysten määräaikaisesta polttoainetuesta] 763/2022 on 4 August, 2022. The act will be in force between 1 September and 31 December 2022. The aid is also subject to the Act on Government Aid [Valtionavustuslaki] 688/2001.
The support measure targets transporters of goods and people by land. The companies can have 5% of their fuel costs compensated for the period of February 2022 to April 2022. The law will apply to all forms of fuel and electricity energy, except fuel oil, which is banned for transport use. Each transportation companies can receive a maximum of €400,000 in support. Applications for support amounting to less than €250 will not be considered.Applications to receive support had to have been submitted by 30 November 2022.
The government has earmarked €75 million for this measure. The support is administered by the State Treasury [Valtiokonttori].
Around 150,000 people earn their living in the road transportation sector in Finland. There are around 9,000 companies in the road goods transportation business. They generate a total of €6 billion. There are around 800 bus and coach transportation companies. They generate a total of €1.1 billion.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners were consulted in the formulation process of the temporary Act.
The Finnish Confederation of Industries (EK) commented on the government’s proposal, stating that even though they support the aim of the measure, the eligibility criteria is questionable since a variety of sectors have been negatively impacted by the increase in fuel prices.
The trade union for taxi services Suomen Taksiliitto criticised the measure because taxi services were excluded form the measure. The measure is focused on supporting larger transportation companies.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|H - Transportation And Storage||H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2022), Temporary cost support for transportation companies, measure FI-2022-36/2872 (measures in Finland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FI-2022-36_2872.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.