Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FI-2018-19/1202 – measures in Finland
|Country||Finland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 08 May 2018 – 31 October 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Amanda Kinnunen (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||30 September 2020 (updated 06 October 2020)|
Between 4 April 2020 and 31 May 2020, food service businesses’ operations were severely restricted by legislation to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus in Finland. These restrictions had a significant impact on the business activity of restaurants, cafes, and bars. Many companies had to either temporarily or permanently lay off employees.
To compensate for the economic losses and to encourage companies to re-employ workers, the Government proposed in May 2020 a model that consists of two measures:
This text focuses on the former measure. The legal basis of this measure is Laki ravitsemisyritysten uudelleentyöllistämisen tukemisesta ja toiminnan rajoitusten hyvittämisestä (403/2020) (unofficial translation: Act on support to restaurants for re-employment and compensation for the imposed restrictions on activities).
Support for re-employment is a measure that seeks to support companies’ ability to employ people.
The maximum amount of support is €1,000 per employee. This measure covers employees whose salary has been paid by the employer after the expiry of the restriction and for a period of three months and has totaled to at least €2,500.
Support for re-employment may be granted to cover at least 2,500 companies that employ up to 800 people.
Companies that have received other forms of financial support may apply but it may decrease the final amount.
Companies need to apply for this support measure at Keha Centre.
As of 31 August 2020, in total 2,242 companies had applied for support. The number of companies that had been granted support was 598 and the number of rejected applications was 102.
In total €5,240,000 had been paid out to companies.
|Applies to all workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
At the design stage of this measure, the Committee of Economic and Monetary Affairs requested a statement from the sectorial employers’ union The Finnish Hospitality Association MaRa and from the sectorial the trade union the Service Union United PAM.
They do not have a role in the implementation or monitoring of this measure.
According to Service Union United PAM, continuation of the employment should be set as a requirement of eligibility for this measure. Otherwise, companies could apply first apply for this support and then dismiss newly recruited employees. Another point of criticism is the exclusion of agency workers.
Even the employers’ organisation MaRa has critisised the exclusion of agency workers. In addition, they argue that the amount paid out to companies should not be dependent on the number of employees but financial losses the restrictions on activities caused.
This case is sector-specific (only private sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities||I56 Food and beverage service activities|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Support to restaurants for re-employment , measure FI-2018-19/1202 (measures in Finland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FI-2018-19_1202.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.