Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EU-2022-20/2922 – measures in European Union
|Country||European Union , applies eu-wide (or beyond)|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 11 May 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Non-binding recommendations or other texts|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
|Author||Barbara Surdykowska and Eurofound|
|Measure added||17 September 2022 (updated 28 September 2022)|
The vast majority of war refugees fleeing to the EU from Ukraine are women and children. Organized crime groups try to take advantage of this situation, creating a high risk of human trafficking. Therefore, it was necessary to comprehensively and quickly deal with the issue of safety and security for people coming to the EU from this direction.
On 11 May 2022, the EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator published the EU's anti-trafficking plan to address the risks of trafficking in human beings and support potential victims among those fleeing the war in Ukraine. It was developed jointly with various EU agencies and EU Member States and builds on the EU Strategy to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings presented by the Commission on 14 April 2021.
The Anti-Trafficking Plan sets five goals related to raising awareness, preventing and strengthening law enforcement and judicial response, as well as improving the early identification, support and protection of potential victims of trafficking in human beings from Ukraine in EU countries, but also in Ukraine and Moldova. They are as follows.
The EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator will implement the plan in cooperation with national rapporteurs and equivalent mechanisms from EU countries, EU agencies and civil society, in particular with the EU Civil Society Platform against Trafficking in Human Beings.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
There was no direct involvement of social partners.
European social partners did not express an opinion on this particular plan, however previously unambiguously endorsed the strategy to combat trafficking in human beings announced by the Commission in April 2021.
Eurofound (2022), To protect Ukrainian refugees from human trafficking, measure EU-2022-20/2922 (measures in European Union), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EU-2022-20_2922.html
30 January 2023
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.