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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure EU-2022-11/2339 – measures in European Union

The EU stands in solidarity with refugees from Ukraine

Country European Union , applies eu-wide (or beyond)
Time period Open ended, started on 08 March 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Non-binding recommendations or other texts
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Other humanitarian measures
Author Barbara Surdykowska and Eurofound
Measure added 19 May 2022 (updated 21 June 2022)

Background information

The Russian invasion of Ukraine, launched on February 24, 2022, resulted in an unprecedented wave of war refugees from that country to the EU. The European Commission's Communication: European solidarity with refugees and those fleeing war in Ukraine (COM(2022) 107 final) presents a framework for humanitarian support for refugees, as well as financial and operational support for their host states and front states - directly bordering the war zone.

Content of measure

The Communication lists the most important lines of action by the EU to protect people fleeing Ukraine.

  • Humanitarian support. €500 million will be earmarked from the EU budget to deal with the humanitarian crisis both inside and outside Ukraine.
  • Border management support. The Commission has issued operational guidelines to help Member States' border guards efficiently manage arrivals with Ukraine and reduce waiting times while maintaining a high level of security.
  • Protection of refugees and support of reception capacity. The EU unanimously agreed to launch the Temporary Protection Directive for the first time to provide refugees with the necessary level of security, offering rights to social assistance, access to the labor market and education.
  • Cohesion Policy Actions for Refugees in Europe. The Commission has decided to adopt the legislative proposal "Cohesion Action for Refugees in Europe" (CARE), which aims to provide additional flexibility in the management of funds supporting refugees from Ukraine.

Use of measure


Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
EU (Council, EC, EP)
European Funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Social partners were not involved in the design of the Communication.

Views and reactions

The European Trade Union Confederation, in its Resolution of 17 March 2022 , fully supported the measures for refugees, in particular the launch of the Temporary Protection Directive. The reactions from European employers' organizations was also quite positive. SGI Europe welcomed EU’s fast and determined answer for granting a clear legal status which allows immediate protection to the refugees, and further social integration while BusinessEurope confirmed its commitment to cooperation with the European Commission and the other EU economic and social partners as part of the existing EU partnership on refugee integration.


  • 08 March 2022: Commission Communication: European solidarity with refugees and those fleeing war in Ukraine (
  • 17 March 2022: ETUC resolution on Ukraine (
  • 18 March 2022: Meeting with Commissioners Ylva Johansson and Nicolas Schmit on the support to people fleeing the war in Ukraine and on the Skills and Talent Package (
  • 18 March 2022: Dealing with Ukrainian refugee crisis not losing sight of EU economic migration policy goals (


Eurofound (2022), The EU stands in solidarity with refugees from Ukraine, measure EU-2022-11/2339 (measures in European Union), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.