Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EU-2021-19/1919 – measures in European Union
|Country||European Union , applies eu-wide (or beyond)|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 04 May 2021|
|Type||Non-binding recommendations or other texts|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
|Author||Barbara Surdykowska and Eurofound|
|Measure added||17 June 2021 (updated 29 June 2021)|
Culture Action Europe (CAE) presented the recommendations to improve the situation and working conditions of artists and cultural workers in the EU. According the CAE, the development of the European Framework introducing guidelines and principles for working conditions in the cultural and creative sectors and industries would not only help to establish minimum standards and minimum requirements across the EU but also address structural fragilities and inequities that were reinforced by the COVID-19 crisis. This would support the long term sustainability of these sectors during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. The recommendations aiming to support the work of the CULT Committee of the European Parliament on its own-initiative report on ‘The situation of artists and the cultural recovery in the EU.
The CAE was established in 1994. It is the major European network of cultural networks, organisations, artists, activists and academics aimed to maintain continuous dialogue and knowledge exchange between the cultural sector in Europe and EU policymakers.
The brief list of recommendations.
Artists and cultural workers in the EU.
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
EU level social partners
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners were not directly involved.
The reactions of social partners are unknown up to date.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Legal, social and cultural professionals|
Eurofound (2021), Post-COVID Cultural Recovery in the EU: Policy Recommendations, measure EU-2021-19/1919 (measures in European Union), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EU-2021-19_1919.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.