Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EU-2021-10/1784 – measures in European Union
|Country||European Union , applies eu-wide (or beyond)|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 04 March 2021|
|Context||COVID-19, Green Transition, Digital Transformation|
|Type||Non-binding recommendations or other texts|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Barbara Surdykowska and Eurofound|
|Measure added||04 March 2021 (updated 17 March 2021)|
On 4 March 2021 the European Commission presented a Recommendation on Effective Active Support to Employment following the COVID-19 crisis (EASE). It outlines a strategic approach to gradually transition between emergency measures taken to preserve jobs during the pandemic and new measures needed for a job-rich recovery. The Commission explained it should be treated as an action under the European Pillar of Social Rights.
Within the EASE framework, the Commission promotes job creation and job-to-job transitions, including towards the digital and green sectors.
The Recommendation provides guidance to Member States on active labor market policies and indicates how Member States can use EU funds to support EASE policies.
Member States are urged to develop coherent policy packages, combining temporary and permanent measures, to address the challenges of the labour market caused by the pandemic, to fill the skills shortages that are likely to stem economic growth during an economic recovery, and to help everyone make the transition to a successful economic recovery, ecological and digital transformation.
These policy packages should comprise three components:
The Commission underlines that social partners should be closely involved in the design and implementation of these policies.
|Applies to all workers||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Public employment service
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners did not participate in the designing phase, however, the Commission indicated that it expects them to be involved in the implementation process at national level.
Views of social partners not known yet.
Eurofound (2021), Commission's Recommendation on Effective Active Support to Employment, measure EU-2021-10/1784 (measures in European Union), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EU-2021-10_1784.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. As winter approaches, preventing and addressing energy poverty becomes a priority. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofoundâ€™s EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.