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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2023-7/3041 Updated – measures in Spain

€200 cheque for middle class families

Cheque de 200 Euros para familias de clase media (Real Decreto-ley 20/2022)

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 15 February 2023 – 31 March 2023
Context War in Ukraine, Cost of Living Crisis
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Increasing income in general
Author Jessica Durán (IKEI) and Eurofound
Measure added 13 February 2023 (updated 06 July 2023)

Background information

The uncertainty linked to the duration of the war and the persistence of upward pressures on food, commodities and intermediate goods prices continues to affect the European and global economies. It is necessary to continue adopting measures to prevent inflation, while protecting the most affected and vulnerable groups.

With Royal Decree-Law 20/2022, a new package of measures is adopted. This measure mobilises €10 billion of public resources to implement the economic policy response to the war in Ukraine as of 1 January 2023. This measure adapts to the current context of inflation, concentrating its action on groups vulnerable to the increase in the price of food and other essential goods and on the sectors most affected by the rise in energy prices.

Content of measure

This measure consists of a one-off lump sum payment of €200 to support middle-class families with inflation. It is intended to reduce economic vulnerability. It is aimed at families with an income of less than €27,000, assets of less than €75,000 (the main residence is excluded from the calculation of assets), and those who do not receive other social benefits (such as pensions or the minimum living income). Income and assets are calculated by adding together those of family members living in the same household.

This single payment can be applied for from 15 February 2023 to 31 March 2023. Applicants had to fill out form at the Tax Agency to provide details on how they can receive the payment.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

01 April 2022

This measure has not been further extended. The measure ended on 31 March 2023.

Use of measure

The aid will benefit 4.2 million families with incomes less than €27,000 and a net worth of less than €75,000.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Other groups of citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Social partners did not take part in the design and approval of these measures. The trade union UGT (Unión General de los Trabajadores) called for "participation" in new reissues of these aid packages in order to contribute ideas that will benefit working people.

Views and reactions

In general, the trade unions CCOO (Comisiones Obreras) and UGT (Unión General de los Trabajadores) on Tuesday gave a positive assessment of the measures included in the new anti-crisis package (i.e. the Royal Decree-Law 20/2022). In particular, the unions consider that the €200 cheque for low-income families means maintaining support for the most vulnerable households, which is a positive perspective. The CCOO union said it would have preferred the cheque for families to be €300 instead of €200.

No specific views were found to have been expressed by the employers' organisations.



Eurofound (2023), €200 cheque for middle class families, measure ES-2023-7/3041 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.