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Factsheet for measure ES-2023-22/3217 – measures in Spain

Support for the digital and green transformation of industry

Ayudas para la transformación digital y ecológica de la industria (Orden de 16 de mayo de 2023)

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 29 May 2023 – 28 June 2023
Context Green Transition, Digital Transformation, European Semester
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Reorientation of business activities
– Change of production/Innovation
Author Jessica Durán (IKEI) and Eurofound
Measure added 07 June 2023 (updated 07 November 2023)

Background information

The Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan is the fundamental instrument for the development of the Next Generation EU recovery funds, and represents the most important boost in Spain's recent economic history. European funds will be used for four different goals: ecological transition, digital transformation, social and territorial cohesion and gender equality.

Content of measure

On 29 May the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism launched two lines of aid worth €218 million to boost the digital and green transformation of industries.

The first area of investment is the "R&D&I line." This investment aims to promote the implementation of innovation and sustainability plans in the manufacturing industry. This line is endowed with €188 million, of which €74 million will be provided as a subsidy and €114 million will be provided as a loan with an interest rate of 0% and a total repayment period of 10 years, with a three-year grace period. This measure supports the transition to a circular economy model and eco-innovation for the improvement of value chains, decarbonisation, improved energy efficiency, new renewable energy sources, the reduction of polluting emissions, the procurement of advanced materials and products, and the innovation of quality and safety processes.

The second area of investment is the "Línea Activa Financiación." This measure aims to support the development of industrial research, experimental development and innovation projects in the Connected Industry 4.0 field. This programme has two action frameworks: 'Activa-SMEs', dedicated to projects carried out by small and medium-sized enterprises, and 'Activa-Large implementations', supporting projects carried out by any type of company. The budget for this part of the measure is €30 million, of which €15 million will be provided as subsidies and €15 million will be provided as refundable loans with a subsidised interest rate of 0% and a total repayment period of 5 years, with a two-year grace period for the 'Activa-Pyme' line, and 10 years, with a three-year grace period, for the 'Activa-Grand Implementations' line.

Use of measure

As publishd by the Ministry of Industry at the end of June 2023, a total of 178 companies have submitted projects to the "Activa Financiación" programme to support industrial digitalisation for an amount of €84.4 million. A total of 197 applications were made. Projects submitted under the ActivaPyme line predominated, with 129 applications. Almost €29 million in the form of repayable loans and nearly €21 million in the form of grants were requested. By Autonomous Communities, Catalonia, followed by Madrid, Andalusia and Aragon have the highest of presented projects, accounting for almost 80% of the total.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
EU (Council, EC, EP)
European Funds
National funds
National Recovery and Resilience Facility

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Social partners did not take part in the design and approval of these measures.

Views and reactions

No opinions have been expressed concerning these measures. In any case, the social partners are aware that the country's economic recovery and future depends on properly addressing unavoidable challenges such as digitalisation within companies and administrations. They know that digitalisation is one of the main axes that will shape the future of our society in the coming decades, and the digital society is the big bet for recovery. Both representatives of companies and representatives of workers collaborate in training programmes for workers, so that they can acquire digital skills and competencies, and improve their employability.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C10 Manufacture of food products
      C11 Manufacture of beverages
      C12 Manufacture of tobacco products
      C13 Manufacture of textiles
      C14 Manufacture of wearing apparel
      C15 Manufacture of leather and related products
      C16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
      C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products
      C18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media
      C19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products
      C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
      C21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations
      C22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
      C23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
      C24 Manufacture of basic metals
      C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
      C26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products
      C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment
      C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
      C29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

This case is not occupation-specific.



Eurofound (2023), Support for the digital and green transformation of industry, measure ES-2023-22/3217 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.