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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2022-36/2799 – measures in Spain

Aid for urban and inter-urban transport to reduce fares

Ayudas al transporte urbano e interurbano (Orden Ministerial de Ayudas al Transporte, Real Decreto-ley 11/2022)

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 September 2022 – 31 December 2023
Context War in Ukraine, Green Transition
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Provision of services in kind (e.g. food vouchers)
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Measure added 05 September 2022 (updated 13 September 2022)

Background information

The current situation arising from the conflict in Ukraine makes it necessary to encourage the role of collective public transport to face the current scenario of high energy and fuel prices, which particularly affects the daily mobility of citizens, promoting the change to a safer, more reliable, comfortable, economical and sustainable means of transport than the private car. A new Ministerial Order of 15 July 2022, issued by the Ministry of Transport (as set out in Royal Decree-Law 11/2022) sets out to promote public transport.

Content of measure

The Order, issued by the Ministry of Transport (as set out in Royal Decree-Law 11/2022), establishes a system of direct aid for the financial year 2022 to provide financial support to autonomous communities and local entities that provide urban or interurban public transport services. This aid covers a 30% reduction in the price (as a minimum) of season tickets and multi-journey tickets for land public transport under their jurisdiction. This aid covers the period from 1 September 2022 to 31 December 2022. Round-trip tickets are excluded from this aid.

The essential criterion for the introduction of the measure has been that it should not involve any administrative burden for the citizen and that it should be introduced as quickly as the technical aspects of its implementation allow. The direct aid is articulated by means of a transfer from the General State Administration to the Autonomous Communities and local entities.

Use of measure

This aid is aimed at Autonomous Communities and local entities that regularly provide regular urban or interurban public transport services, that undertake to reduce the price of season tickets and multi-journey tickets by at least 30%, and that actually apply for this financial aid. There is no estimated number of users.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Local / regional government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Informed Informed
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level

Involvement

Trade unions and employers' representatives have not been involved in the adoption of this Ministerial Order.

Views and reactions

Trade unions are positive about the measure to reduce public transport fares, although in some cases trade unions have called for the involvement of regional or local government to achieve greater discounts. For example, in the case of the Community of Madrid, at the end of July, CCOO demanded from the regional government a 60% reduction in the price of public transport tickets in Madrid. An increase in the reduction of transport tickets was requested, in order to improve the 30% price reduction established in the Royal Decree Law 11/2022. Finally, in mid-August, the President of the Community of Madrid announced a 50% price reduction for all monthly transport passes from 1 September. Thus, a further 20% reduction in the price of monthly season tickets for passengers was approved, which would be added to the 30% reduction already approved.

Sources

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Aid for urban and inter-urban transport to reduce fares, measure ES-2022-36/2799 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2022-36_2799.html

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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.