European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2022-36/2796 – measures in Spain

Free multi-journey ticket with Spanish rail transport RENFE

Título de transporte multiviaje gratuito con RENFE (Real Decreto-ley 14/2022)

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 September 2022 – 31 December 2022
Context COVID-19, War in Ukraine, Green Transition
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Provision of services in kind (e.g. food vouchers)
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Measure added 05 September 2022 (updated 21 September 2022)

Background information

The uncertainty linked to the duration of the war in Ukraine is damaging the international political and economic context, and the exceptional social and economic circumstances that have been dragging on since 2020, derived from numerous factors: the health crisis, the extraordinary and unexpected rise in the prices of certain raw materials and intermediate goods, the high volatility of electricity prices, and the difficulties in the supply of certain essential products and materials. All this is also affecting the Spanish economy as a whole. The economic scenario in which Spain currently finds itself and the persistence of uncertainties at international level continue to require the urgent adoption of exceptional measures in order to ensure sustainability in different economic and social areas.

Content of measure

Royal Decree-Law 14/2022 creates a specific multi-journey ticket for each suburban train network (RENFE, 'Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles', Spanish rail network), for unlimited journeys, between any origin and destination, for the period between 1 September and 31 December 2022. The ticket will be free of charge for all users who make 16 or more journeys during the four months of validity of the voucher. Customers will have to pay a deposit of €10 to purchase the new recurrent travel pass, which will be returned at the end of the validity period.

A special multi-journey ticket with unlimited journeys will also be created for medium-distance services, valid for four months (between 1 September and 31 December 2022). One ticket will be sold for each of the routes (origin-destination) and will be free of charge for users who make 16 or more journeys during the period of validity. In this case, a deposit of €20 will have to be paid, which will be returned after 31 December.

RENFE will suspend the sale of all the usual multi-journey tickets and season tickets during the four months. Only single journey or return tickets will be available for sale at the usual fares.

Use of measure

There is no estimate of the number of users. Any citizen who makes 16 or more journeys in the four months of the voucher's validity can benefit from the measure.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Informed Informed
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level

Involvement

In general, trade unions and employers' representatives have not been involved in the adoption of Royal Decree-Law 14/2022. It is a regulation approved by the Spanish government. Trade unions want to reactivate the social dialogue, and want to participate in the design of measures of economic sustainability and support for the most vulnerable social groups.

There is no specific information on this particular measure.

Views and reactions

According to CCOO (Comisiones Obreras) trade union, the approval of these discounts on the sale of RENFE ('Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles', Spanish rail network) tickets has created some unease among Renfe Group workers, because their remuneration is linked to the revenue obtained from the sale of transport tickets. CCOO trade union supports any initiative aimed at encouraging the role of collective public transport to face the current scenario of high energy prices, promoting the change to a safer, more reliable, comfortable, economic and sustainable means of transport than the private car. However, these measures cannot be to the detriment of the workers whose activity and salaries are related to the object of this measure announced by the government.

There are no specific views from employers organisations.

Sources

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Free multi-journey ticket with Spanish rail transport RENFE, measure ES-2022-36/2796 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2022-36_2796.html

Share

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

12 September 2022

 

First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Article

12 September 2022

 

Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022

 

Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.

Article

16 June 2022

 

Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.