Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2022-33/2797 – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 09 August 2022 – 01 November 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine, Green Transition|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Responses to inflation
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||05 September 2022 (updated 21 September 2022)|
The uncertainty linked to the duration of the war in Ukraine is damaging the international political and economic context, and the exceptional social and economic circumstances that have been dragging on since 2020, derived from numerous factors: the health crisis, the extraordinary and unexpected rise in the prices of certain raw materials and intermediate goods, the high volatility of electricity prices, and the difficulties in the supply of certain essential products and materials. All this is also affecting the Spanish economy as a whole. The economic scenario in which Spain currently finds itself and the persistence of uncertainties at international level continue to require the urgent adoption of exceptional measures in order to ensure sustainability in different economic and social areas.
In order to comply with the solidarity agreements on demand reduction reached at the Extraordinary Council of Energy Ministers on 26 July, as well as to reduce energy dependence on natural gas, it is necessary to adopt measures with immediate effect aimed at responsible energy use that minimise the impact on the economy and security of supply of a partial or total interruption of gas supplies by Russia, and prevent the burden of these possible situations from falling on the most vulnerable.
Royal Decree-Law 14/2022 includes an energy saving and management shock plan for air conditioning in order to rapidly reduce energy consumption in administrative, commercial and public buildings. In this way, the approved regulation complements the Regulation of Thermal Installations in Buildings (RITE), temporarily increasing the management and efficient consumption obligations of these buildings, which specifically extends from 9 August 2022 to 1 November 2023:
This measure affects public administration buildings; commercial establishments, such as department stores or shopping centres; cultural spaces, such as cinemas or congress centres; or infrastructures for passenger transport, such as stations and airports.
There is no estimated number of buildings affected.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
In general, trade unions and employers' representatives have not been involved in the adoption of Royal Decree-Law 14/2022. It is a regulation approved by the Spanish government. Trade unions want to reactivate the social dialogue, and want to participate in the design of measures of economic sustainability and support for the most vulnerable social groups.
There is no specific information on this particular measure.
The trade unions UGT (Union General de Trabajadores) and CCOO (Comisiones Obreras) consider it right that the Energy Saving and Management Plan (Royal Decree-Law 14/2022) is in line with the provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety regulations. In other words, Royal Decree-Law 14/2022 states that temperature thresholds must be adjusted to comply with health and safety regulations in the workplace, so that temperature does not become a risk. On the other hand, for CCOO trade union, these energy-saving measures must be accompanied by awareness-raising and education policies so that citizens incorporate the positive value of choosing energy-responsible establishments as a better option. In addition, CCOO considers that the measures announced should not only be of a temporary nature, depending on the war in Ukraine, but also of a structural and permanent nature, in accordance with the effects of change.
Furthermore, for example, the Andalusian delegation of CCOO trade union is asking the Andalusian government for much more ambitious measures of its own, to guarantee a sustainable energy model, which favours the creation of quality jobs and innovative companies, and which contributes to curbing climate change and to maximum energy efficiency. These measures should emerge from social dialogue.
No specific views on this measure from employers' organisations have been identified.
Eurofound (2022), Energy saving and air-conditioning plans for publicly frequented buildings, measure ES-2022-33/2797 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2022-33_2797.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.