Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2021-5/1773 – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 26 January 2021 – 31 May 2021|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||09 February 2021 (updated 10 February 2021)|
On 19 January 2021, the IV Social Agreement in Defense of Employment was reached, whose content reflects precisely the trust between social partners and the government in the measures that, since 1 October 2020, have helped the economy to sustain employment levels. The terms of agreement have been included in Royal Decree 2/2021 imply an extension of the measures that were reflected in the III ASDE, although with an important simplification in management terms for the companies benefiting from the measures contained therein.
The tripartite agreement contemplates the extension of all Temporary Employment Regulation Files (ERTE) based on causes related to COVID-19.
Within these ERTE, exemptions are once again recognised for companies that are already in ERTE and belong to sectors with a high coverage rate for them and a low activity recovery rate, although more generous objective criteria are used to determine these sectors, which gives rise to the incorporation of new NACEs, which imply that companies that employ almost 50,000 more workers are protected.
The ERTE also have simplified administrative procedures to facilitate and speed up their application. This has been the main change in relation to previous agreements.
There is no data available on the use of this policy measure.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners and the government started negotiations to extend the temporary lay-off mechanisms as the end of the third extension was approaching. They reached an agreement that was transposed into law.
Social partners have been totally supportive of this measure.
Eurofound (2021), Fourth tripartite agreement in defense of employment, measure ES-2021-5/1773 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2021-5_1773.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.