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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2021-22/1966 – measures in Spain

Urgent Measures in defense of employment and for economic reactivation - Extension of Temporary Lay-offs

Medidas urgentes para la defensa del empleo y la reactivación económica - Prórroga de los ERTE

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 27 May 2021 – 30 September 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Measure added 14 July 2021 (updated 16 July 2021)

Background information

Since the beginning of the pandemic crisis, the government has extended on several occasions the special unemployment protection system for furloughed workers (Temporary lay-off files, expedientes de regulación de empleo temporal). With the end of the State of Alarm, the government negotiated with social partners a new extension of this scheme as many companies face difficulties in returning to full capacity.

Content of measure

The agreement allows to extend the application of the flexibility measures that have been adopted since the beginning of the health crisis and in the terms provided in Royal Decree-Law 2/2021, of 26 January, and the extraordinary measures regarding exemptions in social security contributions by companies. It also extends the extraordinary measures in terms of unemployment protection for workers included in Royal Decree-Law 30/2020, of 29 September, on social measures in defense of employment and, finally, it extends all those complementary protection measures necessary to guarantee job stability, avoiding layoffs and job destruction.

The extraordinary measures contained in Royal Decree-Law 30/2020, of 29 September, related to terminations and dismissals, the interruption of the calculation of temporary contracts, the safeguarding of employment, as well as the limits related to the distribution of benefits / dividends will remain in force.

In addition, a list of ultra-protected sectors is included. These sectors and their value chain will have different exemptions in the cases of workers suspended from employment compared to those activated in a context of greater recovery than in previous months. With the aim of encouraging the activation of employment, on this occasion greater exemptions are included for the cases of workers who rejoin the activity: 95% for companies with less than 50 workers and 85% for those with 50 or more in the months of June, July, August and September.

The Royal Decree also includes the extension until 30 September of the set of benefits launched in March 2020 to alleviate the situation of the self-employed as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and support the development of their activity.

Finally, it also includes the extension until 30 September of the set of benefits launched in March 2020 to alleviate the situation of the self-employed as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and support the development of their activity.

Use of measure

No information available at the moment.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social partners jointly
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level

Involvement

Social partners have negotiated all the extensions of the special temporary unemployment scheme since March 2020.

Views and reactions

Social partners agree this has been a key element in supporting businesses and protecting employment.

Sources

  • 27 May 2021: Real Decreto-ley 11/2021, de 27 de mayo, sobre medidas urgentes para la defensa del empleo, la reactivación económica y la protección de los trabajadores autónomos (www.boe.es)

Citation

Eurofound (2021), Urgent Measures in defense of employment and for economic reactivation - Extension of Temporary Lay-offs, measure ES-2021-22/1966 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2021-22_1966.html

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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.