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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2021-19/1965 – measures in Spain

Urgent Measures in the Health, Social and Jurisdictional Order before the End of the State of Alarm

Medidas Urgentes en el Orden Sanitario, Social y Jurisdiccional ante el fin del Estado de Alarma

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 04 May 2021 – 31 August 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Measure added 14 July 2021 (updated 16 July 2021)

Background information

The end of the state of alarm implies that many of the measures that were implemented in the early stages of the pandemic would end. This not only applies to some sanitary restrictions and the possibilities governments have to impose new measures, but also to measures implemented in order to protect vulnerable groups. As the impact of the social and economic crisis endures, this Royal Decree aims to extend protection to particularly vulnerable groups for three months beyond the state of alarm.

Content of measure

Chapter III of the Royal Decree establishes a series of extraordinary measures applicable to situations of economic and social vulnerability for which they extend for a period of 3 months, measures adopted to cover said situations.

Thus, the guarantee of supply of water, electricity and natural gas to vulnerable consumers is extended until August 9, 2021, provided for in additional provision 4 of Royal Decree-Law 37/2020, of December 22. This extension is also extended to the recipients of the social bonus.

The protection measures in situations of vulnerability in the matter of housing, established in Royal Decree-Law 11/2020, of 31 March, refer to the suspension of procedures and housing launches, are extended to 3 more months. The possibility of applying an extraordinary extension of the term of the lease is extended for a maximum period of six months, during which the terms and conditions established for the contract in force will continue to apply to those contracts whose expiration is established between 9 December May and 9 August, 2021.

The possibility of requesting a moratorium or partial remission of rent is also extended, until that date, when the landlord is a company or public housing entity or a large holder, and the housing lease contracts are extended for the same period. who can benefit from the extraordinary extension of six months, under the same terms and conditions of the current contract. The term is extended until 9 September 2021 for the landlords and owners of the dwelling affected by the extraordinary suspension, to submit the request for compensation.

Chapter IV addresses the situation of victims of gender violence and extends for 3 months the consideration as essential services of public services of information, advice, telecare, monitoring by telematic means, comprehensive social assistance and shelter for victims of all forms of violence against women, established by Law 1/2021, of 24 March, on urgent measures in terms of protection and assistance to victims of gender violence.

Use of measure

There is no available information on the use of the measure.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Does not apply to businesses Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Social partners were not involved in the design or implementation of this policy measure.

Views and reactions

No views of social partners have been reported.


  • 04 May 2021: Real Decreto-ley 8/2021, de 4 de mayo, por el que se adoptan medidas urgentes en el orden sanitario, social y jurisdiccional, a aplicar tras la finalización de la vigencia del estado de alarma declarado por el Real Decreto 926/2020, de 25 de octubre, por el que se declara el estado de alarma para contener la propagación de infecciones causadas por el SARS-CoV-2 (


Eurofound (2021), Urgent Measures in the Health, Social and Jurisdictional Order before the End of the State of Alarm, measure ES-2021-19/1965 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.