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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2020-28/1352 – measures in Spain

Economic reactivation measures to face the impact of COVID-19 in the field of transport

Medidas de reactivación económica para hacer frente al impacto del COVID-19 en el ámbito de transportes

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 07 July 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Support for spending, stimulus packages
Author Carlos Molina (UAB)
Measure added 29 October 2020 (updated 05 November 2020)

Background information

The Council of Ministers has approved a Royal Decree-Law that contains a set of measures necessary for economic reactivation in the areas of transport to face the impact of COVID-19.

Regarding transport, the objective is to protect the health of workers and travelers in the air, guarantee the availability of essential goods and services, provide liquidity to companies and reduce administrative burdens.

This Royal Decree-Law supposes an unparalleled budgetary, investment and financial effort for public and private companies. The economic amount of the measures for private companies in the transport sector and in terms of reducing port charges amounts to €663 million.

Regarding public companies, the rule increases Renfe's debt capacity to €1,000 in order to compensate for the drop in demand and promote the recovery of services and €110 million of extraordinary contribution to SEITTSA so that it can meet its public works commitments in the medium term.

With this, the Government complements for the transport sector other measures previously adopted, such as the €800 million allocated to public transport in the Autonomous Communities and the guarantees and fiscal aid to the sector, to respond to the impact of COVID-19 and that are coherent with the criteria and guidelines of the European Commission on which the economic reactivation of the sector must be guided.

Content of measure

This set of measures has been articulated around three fundamental axes:

Protection of the health of workers and travelers

The first axis on which this regulation revolves involves protecting the health of workers and travelers, guaranteeing the availability of essential goods and services.

Thus, this Royal Decree-Law adopts at the national level the necessary provisions for airport managers and airlines to implement the management measures for passengers and civil aviation personnel in the face of the pandemic, minimizing the risks of contagion both in airport facilities and during the different stages of the trip, including the limitation of access to the terminal buildings of the airports.

Economic measures

The second axis involves providing liquidity to companies in the sector to face short-term financial shocks linked to the coronavirus crisis, using different financial instruments, including fiscal ones, in order to preserve their viability as well as the continuity of the economic activity during and after the COVID-19 crisis.

Reduction of administrative burdens

The third axis affects the reduction of administrative burdens, simplifying and accelerating certain procedures, ensuring legal certainty and taking into account the capacity of public institutions to speed up the mandatory procedures for the reactivation and development of activities in the transport sector .

Use of measure

No data available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


No involvement has been reported.

Views and reactions

No views reported.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      H - Transportation And Storage H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines
      H50 Water transport
      H51 Air transport

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 07 July 2020: Royal Decree 26/2020 on economic reactivation measures to face the impact of COVID-19 in the areas of transport and housing (


Eurofound (2020), Economic reactivation measures to face the impact of COVID-19 in the field of transport, measure ES-2020-28/1352 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.