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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case ES-2020-14/604 – measures in Spain

Suspension of the eviction procedure for vulnerable households without housing alternatives

Suspensión del procedimiento de desahucio y de los lanzamientos para hogares vulnerables sin alternativa habitacional

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 31 March 2020 – 31 January 2021
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping a safe home
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Case created 14 April 2020 (updated 01 December 2020)

Background information

The Royal Decree 11/2020 regulates a new package of measures to support the most vulnerable families and groups, which, after the paralysis of much of the economic activity, have decreased or lost their income and, consequently, their ability to cope with the expenses necessary for the maintenance of their homes.

First, measures are taken to support the rental of vulnerable people. In Spain, in 85% of housing leases, the owner is a natural person, a small owner. This particularity of the rental market in Spain makes it especially necessary that the measures adopted facilitate agreements between the parties to allow the payment of rents. For this reason, proposals are established in this area aimed at the necessary protection for the most vulnerable groups that may significantly affect their ability to cope with rent, while ensuring a balance between the parties that prevents the vulnerability of tenants from being shifted to lessors, especially those for whom rental income may be essential.

Content of measure

For the suspension of the eviction procedure, the tenant must prove that he is in any of the situations of economic vulnerability referred to in article 5 of this royal decree-law, accompanying his letter of documents referred to in article 6. If the Lawyer of the Administration of Justice understands that the situation of alleged economic vulnerability is present, he will decree the suspension retroactively to the date on which it occurred for the time strictly necessary, following the report of social services. The decree that establishes the suspension will expressly state that, once the fixed period has elapsed, the calculation of the days referred to in article 440.3 will be resumed or it will indicate a date for the hearing.

Use of measure

No data available at the moment.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Other groups of workers
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Public support service providers
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


Social partners were not involved in designing, implementing or monitoring this measure.

Views and reactions

Even though they were not involved, social partners were supportive of this measure.



Eurofound (2020), Suspension of the eviction procedure for vulnerable households without housing alternatives, case ES-2020-14/604 (measures in Spain), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.