European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2020-14/604 Updated – measures in Spain

Suspension of the eviction procedure for vulnerable households without housing alternatives

Suspensión del procedimiento de desahucio y de los lanzamientos para hogares vulnerables sin alternativa habitacional

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 31 March 2020 – 28 February 2022
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping or obtaining a safe home
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Measure added 14 April 2020 (updated 30 August 2022)

Background information

The Royal Decree 11/2020 regulates a new package of measures to support the most vulnerable families and groups, which, after the paralysis of much of the economic activity, have decreased or lost their income and, consequently, their ability to cope with the expenses necessary for the maintenance of their homes.

First, measures are taken to support the rental of vulnerable people. In Spain, in 85% of housing leases, the owner is a natural person, a small owner. This particularity of the rental market in Spain makes it especially necessary that the measures adopted facilitate agreements between the parties to allow the payment of rents. For this reason, proposals are established in this area aimed at the necessary protection for the most vulnerable groups that may significantly affect their ability to cope with rent, while ensuring a balance between the parties that prevents the vulnerability of tenants from being shifted to lessors, especially those for whom rental income may be essential.

Content of measure

For the suspension of the eviction procedure, the tenant must prove that he is in any of the situations of economic vulnerability referred to in article 5 of this royal decree-law, accompanying his letter of documents referred to in article 6. If the Lawyer of the Administration of Justice understands that the situation of alleged economic vulnerability is present, he will decree the suspension retroactively to the date on which it occurred for the time strictly necessary, following the report of social services. The decree that establishes the suspension will expressly state that, once the fixed period has elapsed, the calculation of the days referred to in article 440.3 will be resumed or it will indicate a date for the hearing.

Updates

The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

27 October 2021

The measure has been extended multiple times, currently until 28 February 2022.

Use of measure

No data available at the moment.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Public support service providers
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown

Involvement

Social partners were not involved in designing, implementing or monitoring this measure.

Views and reactions

Even though they were not involved, social partners were supportive of this measure.

Sources

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Suspension of the eviction procedure for vulnerable households without housing alternatives, measure ES-2020-14/604 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2020-14_604.html

Share

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

12 September 2022

 

First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Article

12 September 2022

 

Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.

5 July 2022

 

Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.

Article

16 June 2022

 

Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.