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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case ES-2020-13/601 – measures in Spain

Measures to speed up the processing and payment of unemployment benefits

Medidas para agilizar la tramitación y abono de prestaciones por desempleo

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 27 March 2020 – 31 January 2021
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g. short-time work)
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Case created 14 April 2020 (updated 01 December 2020)

Background information

In order to guarantee that all workers affected by a temporary collective dismissal or a reduced working time scheme receive as soon as possible their benefits, the government has simplified the administrative procedures whereby companies implementing a temporary collective dismissal ask the unemployment benefit for their employees.

In other words, it is not the individual employee that has to initiate the procedure, but the company that has to do so.

Content of measure

The procedure of recognition of the contributory unemployment benefit for all persons affected by procedures for temporary collective dismissal and reduction of working hours based on the causes provided for in articles 22 and 23 of Royal Decree-Law 8/2020, of March 17 , It will begin through a collective application filed by the company with the entity managing the unemployment benefits, acting on behalf of those.

In addition to the collective request, the communication by the company to the public employment service will include the following information, individually for each of the affected establishments:

  • Name or company name, address, tax identification number and social security contribution account code to which the workers whose suspensions or reductions in working hours are requested are listed.
  • Name and surnames, tax identification number, telephone and email address of the legal representative of the company.
  • File number assigned by the labor authority.
  • Specification of the measures to be adopted, as well as the starting date on which each of the workers will be affected by them.
  • In the event of a reduction in working hours, determination of the percentage of temporary reduction, computed on a daily, weekly, monthly or annual basis.
  • For the purposes of accrediting the representation of workers, a responsible declaration in which it must be stated that the authorization of those for their presentation has been obtained.
  • The complementary information that, where appropriate, is determined by resolution of the General Directorate of the State Public Employment Service.

Use of measure

Not available yet.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Informed Informed
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners were not involved in the design, implementation or monitoring of this policy.

Views and reactions

Social partners were supportive of this policy.



Eurofound (2020), Measures to speed up the processing and payment of unemployment benefits, case ES-2020-13/601 (measures in Spain), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.