Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2020-12/555 – Updated – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 18 March 2020 – 30 June 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||13 April 2020 (updated 30 August 2022)|
|Related ERM support instrument|
All workers affected by temporary collective dismissals or reduced working time schemes will have the right to receive unemployment benefits even if they do not meet the minimum contribution period required for it. In this case, the worker will have right to unemployment assistance benefit.
Moreover, for future unemployment spells, the period receiving unemployment benefits under temporary collective dismissals or reduced working time schemes due to COVID-19 will not be considered as consumed ('counter to zero' policy). The objective of this measure is to make sure that all workers under these procedures will receive income support.
For more information on the temporary layoff scheme see the following cases:
This measure applies to all workers under a temporary collective dismissal or reduced working time procedure, including those in cooperatives.
In all cases it is required that the contract has been signed prior to the date of entry into force of the law containing this measure.
The measures provided for in this regulation shall be applicable to the affected workers, both if, at the time of the adoption of the temporary collective dismissal or reduced working time procedure, they had a previous right to unemployment benefit or subsidy suspended and if they lacked the minimum period of listed employment to cause right to contributory benefit, or had not received previous unemployment benefit.
There are no estimates yet as to the number of workers affected.
Employees in standard employment
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners were not involved in designing, implementing or monitoring this measure.
Social partners were consulted about this measure before approval and were supportive of this policy.
Eurofound (2020), Unemployment benefit guarantee in case of temporary collective dismissal or reduced working time , measure ES-2020-12/555 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2020-12_555.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.