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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2020-12/555 Updated – measures in Spain

Unemployment benefit guarantee in case of temporary collective dismissal or reduced working time

Garantía de prestación por desempleo en caso de ERTE

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 18 March 2020 – 30 June 2022
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
Author Carlos Molina (UAB) and Jessica Durán (IKEI)
Measure added 13 April 2020 (updated 30 August 2022)

Background information

All workers affected by temporary collective dismissals or reduced working time schemes will have the right to receive unemployment benefits even if they do not meet the minimum contribution period required for it. In this case, the worker will have right to unemployment assistance benefit.

Moreover, for future unemployment spells, the period receiving unemployment benefits under temporary collective dismissals or reduced working time schemes due to COVID-19 will not be considered as consumed ('counter to zero' policy). The objective of this measure is to make sure that all workers under these procedures will receive income support.

For more information on the temporary layoff scheme see the following cases:

Content of measure

This measure applies to all workers under a temporary collective dismissal or reduced working time procedure, including those in cooperatives.

In all cases it is required that the contract has been signed prior to the date of entry into force of the law containing this measure.

The measures provided for in this regulation shall be applicable to the affected workers, both if, at the time of the adoption of the temporary collective dismissal or reduced working time procedure, they had a previous right to unemployment benefit or subsidy suspended and if they lacked the minimum period of listed employment to cause right to contributory benefit, or had not received previous unemployment benefit.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

22 February 2022

The measure was extended until 28 February 2022 and subsequently to 30 June 2022. Update history is available at the end of Article 6 .

Use of measure

There are no estimates yet as to the number of workers affected.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
Public employment service
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners were not involved in designing, implementing or monitoring this measure.

Views and reactions

Social partners were consulted about this measure before approval and were supportive of this policy.


  • 18 March 2020: Royal Decree-Law 8/2020, of March 17, on extraordinary and urgent measures to face the economic and social impact of COVID-19. (
  • 22 February 2022: Extension of measures to face vulnerabilities situaciones de vulnerabilidad social y económica (


Eurofound (2020), Unemployment benefit guarantee in case of temporary collective dismissal or reduced working time , measure ES-2020-12/555 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.