European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure ES-2020-12/500 – measures in Spain

Contingency fund to protect the elderly dependent, disabled and homeless persons

Fondo para proteger a personas mayores, dependientes y sin techo

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 17 March 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
Author Carlos Molina (UAB)
Measure added 12 April 2020 (updated 17 October 2021)

Background information

This policy measure aims to strengthen proximity services at home to guarantee care, support, connection to the environment, security and food, especially those aimed at the elderly, disabled or dependent, thus compensating for the closure of canteens, day centres, occupational centres and other similar services, considering the greater risk that these people assume in case of infection. These services include home assistance in all its forms and any other of a similar nature that is provided at the user's home.

Content of measure

€300 million will be allocated to this contingency fund. The fund is targeted to cover the following needs:

  • Increase and strengthen the operation of home telecare devices so that they increase the rate of verification contacts and surveillance of the population benefiting from this service.
  • Transfer to the home setting, when deemed necessary, rehabilitation services, occupational therapy, hygiene services, and the like, considering the suspension of day care in centers. Strengthen the care devices for the homeless, with the appropriate personnel and material means, ensuring that they and those who care for them are duly protected, and make possible the extension, both in length of stay and in intensity, of the service.
  • Strengthen the staff of Social Services centers and residential centers in the event that it is necessary to make substitutions for prevention, contagion or for the provision of new services or overload of the workforce.
  • Acquisition of prevention means (PPE).
  • Expand the allocation of items intended to guarantee sufficient income to families, to ensure coverage of their basic needs, whether they are urgent or insertion.
  • Strengthen, with adequate services for caregivers and conciliation measures for those families (especially single-parent and single-parent) who have low incomes and need to go to their workplace or leave their home for justified and / or urgent reasons.

Other measures that the Autonomous Communities, in collaboration with the Social Services of local entities, consider essential and urgent to attend to especially vulnerable people due to this crisis, and are duly justified.

Use of measure

So far there is no estimation as to the number of workers / citizens benefiting from this measure.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Older citizens
Single parents
People in care facilities

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
Local / regional government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners were not involved in this policy measure, as it is not directly related to labour relations.

Views and reactions

Social partners were supportive of this measure.


  • 18 March 2020: Royal Decree-Law 8/2020, of March 17, on extraordinary and urgent measures to face the economic and social impact of COVID-19. (


Eurofound (2020), Contingency fund to protect the elderly dependent, disabled and homeless persons, measure ES-2020-12/500 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.