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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case ES-2020-12/500 – measures in Spain

Contingency fund to protect the elderly dependent, disabled and homeless persons

Fondo para proteger a personas mayores, dependientes y sin techo

Country Spain , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 17 March 2020
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
Author Oscar Molina (UAB) and Eurofound
Case created 12 April 2020 (updated 17 October 2021)

Background information

This policy measure aims to strengthen proximity services at home to guarantee care, support, connection to the environment, security and food, especially those aimed at the elderly, disabled or dependent, thus compensating for the closure of canteens, day centres, occupational centres and other similar services, considering the greater risk that these people assume in case of infection. These services include home assistance in all its forms and any other of a similar nature that is provided at the user's home.

Content of measure

€300 million will be allocated to this contingency fund. The fund is targeted to cover the following needs:

  • Increase and strengthen the operation of home telecare devices so that they increase the rate of verification contacts and surveillance of the population benefiting from this service.
  • Transfer to the home setting, when deemed necessary, rehabilitation services, occupational therapy, hygiene services, and the like, considering the suspension of day care in centers. Strengthen the care devices for the homeless, with the appropriate personnel and material means, ensuring that they and those who care for them are duly protected, and make possible the extension, both in length of stay and in intensity, of the service.
  • Strengthen the staff of Social Services centers and residential centers in the event that it is necessary to make substitutions for prevention, contagion or for the provision of new services or overload of the workforce.
  • Acquisition of prevention means (PPE).
  • Expand the allocation of items intended to guarantee sufficient income to families, to ensure coverage of their basic needs, whether they are urgent or insertion.
  • Strengthen, with adequate services for caregivers and conciliation measures for those families (especially single-parent and single-parent) who have low incomes and need to go to their workplace or leave their home for justified and / or urgent reasons.

Other measures that the Autonomous Communities, in collaboration with the Social Services of local entities, consider essential and urgent to attend to especially vulnerable people due to this crisis, and are duly justified.

Use of measure

So far there is no estimation as to the number of workers / citizens benefiting from this measure.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Older citizens
Single parents
People in care facilities

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
Local / regional government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners were not involved in this policy measure, as it is not directly related to labour relations.

Views and reactions

Social partners were supportive of this measure.


  • 18 March 2020: Royal Decree-Law 8/2020, of March 17, on extraordinary and urgent measures to face the economic and social impact of COVID-19. (


Eurofound (2020), Contingency fund to protect the elderly dependent, disabled and homeless persons, case ES-2020-12/500 (measures in Spain), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.