Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure ES-2020-11/1358 – measures in Spain
|Country||Spain , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 11 March 2020|
|Type||Non-binding recommendations or other texts|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Carlos Molina (UAB)|
|Measure added||29 October 2020 (updated 05 November 2020)|
Employers and trade union organisations CEOE, CEPYME, UGT and CCOO have developed a series of extraordinary measures to formulate to the Government in order to cover the possible situations and contingencies derived from the coronavirus.
The scenarios facing both employees and their companies do not find an adequate answer in the current labor and social security regulations. Companies and working people are equally affected by this situation derived from the coronavirus that has generated a public health problem.
From this perspective, business and trade union organisations consider that it is essential to approach this matter from common objectives that make possible the compatibility of interests.
The document contains a series of recommendations for the government to be addressed through specific regulations. First, it is necessary to articulate a set of labor and social security measures providing legal security for companies and workers through an extraordinary aid fund set up to cover them. The aim is to establish measures to address this situation avoiding irreversible consequences for companies and employment as well as to guarantee adequate protection for workers. They are labor and social security measures, of a temporary and exceptional nature that must be negotiated with the most representative trade unions and business organisations. Proposals are made in relation to five issues:
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Social partners jointly
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners issued this document by own initiative before the lockdown with the objective of providing the government with some agreed proposals and initiatives in order to face the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on companies and workers.
Social partners have been involved in the negotiation of most of the measures regulated at a later stage, including the regulation of temporary lay-offs (ERTEs), remote work, health and safety issues etc.
Social partners expressed their commitment to social dialogue in order to face the consequences of the COVID-19 crisis.
Eurofound (2020), Joint social partner proposal for measures to face the coronavirus crisis, measure ES-2020-11/1358 (measures in Spain), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/ES-2020-11_1358.html
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