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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure EE-2022-9/2320 – measures in Estonia

Financing the education costs of Ukrainian war refugees

Ukraina sõjapõgenike hariduskulude rahastamine

Country Estonia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 24 February 2022 – 31 December 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Access to childcare and education
Author Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound
Measure added 18 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)

Background information

On 17 March 2022, the Cabinet of Ministers approved the reimbursement of expenses for basic, general and vocational education, hobby education and activities and youth work of Ukrainian refugees in 2022. The principles and the distribution of funds will soon be officially approved by a directive of the Minister of Education and Research on the basis of the supplementary state budget approved by the Parliament on 18 May 2022.

Content of measure

The Ministry of Education and Research will allocate additional funds to schools to support the education provision to Ukrainian refugee children. Schools will receive between €353 and €506 per Ukrainian student depending on the level of education. The support can be used for:

  • establishing additional study places and hiring teachers for this or buying teaching aids, technology, etc.
  • additional study of the Estonian language to enable the acquisition of the Estonian language at the basic level
  • educational support services (interpreters, speech therapists, psychologists, etc.)
  • catering in an educational institution
  • provision of hobby activities and/or hobby education and offering youth work
  • educational support services (eg. student transport).

There will be three payments: In June 2022, September 2022 and January 2023 covering altogether the period of 24 February - 31 December 2022.

The total budget foreseen is €70 million.

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Other businesses

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Local / regional government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


No involvement.

Views and reactions

No information.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      P - Education P85 Education

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 01 April 2022: Ukraina sõjapõgenike hariduskulude rahastamise infoleht (Fact sheet on the financing of the education costs of Ukrainian war refugees) (


Eurofound (2022), Financing the education costs of Ukrainian war refugees, measure EE-2022-9/2320 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

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