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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure EE-2022-40/3112 – measures in Estonia

State support for nursing homes to cope with high energy prices

Riik toetab hooldekodusid kõrgete energiahindadega võitlemisel

Country Estonia , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 October 2022 – 31 March 2023
Context War in Ukraine, Cost of Living Crisis
Type Other initiatives or policies
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Support for energy bills
Author Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound
Measure added 22 February 2023 (updated 13 June 2023)

Background information

Nursing homes are affected by increased energy prices and growing costs of living. This is exasperated during the winter heating period. The state offers temporary financial support during the heating period for 102 nursing homes to compensate for the increase in energy prices. The amount of the allowance per person living in a nursing home is €60 per month which is about €3.1 million in total.

Content of measure

The support is provided to 102 nursing homes across Estonia (regions have not been specified in public sources). The amount of support is €60 per person (which is about half of the cost of the energy increase per person per month), which in total is €3.1 million. In addition, the measure intends to support providers of special care services with accommodation (community living service and 24-hour special care service) in covering the additional costs associated with high energy costs in the period from 01 January 2023 to 31 March 2023. According to the data of the Social Insurance Board, the size of the target group affected is 3,111 people who need 24-hour special care service or community living service.

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Sector specific set of companies
People in care facilities

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Local / regional government
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Social partners were not involved.

Views and reactions

Social partners have not expressed their views.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities Q87 Residential care activities

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 20 December 2022: Riik toetab hooldekodusid energiaarvete maksmisel 3,1 miljoniga (
  • 13 January 2023: Riik toetab hooldekodusid kõrgete energiahindadega võitlemisel (


Eurofound (2023), State support for nursing homes to cope with high energy prices, measure EE-2022-40/3112 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.