Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EE-2022-26/2913 – measures in Estonia
, applies regionally
|Time period||Open ended, started on 21 June 2022|
|Context||Green Transition, European semester|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Reorientation of business activities
– Change of production/innovation
|Author||Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||15 September 2022 (updated 21 September 2022)|
In connection to the green transition, the most affected region in Estonia is Ida-Virumaa with its oil shale sector. In 2019, greenhouse gas emissions from oil shale-related companies located in the region accounted for more than 50% of all greenhouse gas emissions in Estonia. Therefore, green transition will have the biggest impact in Estonia on this region and thus the main target area for investments from the EU Just Transition Fund.
On 21 June 2022, the Minister of Minister of Entrepreneurship and Information Technology issued a regulation 'Support for investments in Ida-Viru business'. Under the regulation, funding is provided from the EU Just Transition Fund.
The purpose of the support measure is to support the diversification of the economy and the competitiveness of businesses in Ida-Viru County through investments that create higher added value and new jobs.
The aim of the support is to:
The following activities are supported:
At least five new jobs must be created as a result of the project.
The projects must be carried out by 30 April 2026, with a maximum period of three years. The support per applicant is minimum €500,000 and up to €19 million; the own contribution is minimum 35%. Total budget of the measure is €153 million. The total budget of the Just Transition Fund in Estonia is €340 million.
The application round was opened on 15 August 2022. It is possible to apply for the grant, but the financing decisions will be made after the just Estonian transition plan has received the approval of the European Commission (estimated: Autumn 2022).
It is expected that by 2026 at least 20 large-scale projects will be carried out and 1,000 new jobs will be created in the region.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Local / regional government
EU (Council, EC, EP)
National Recovery and Resilience Facility
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
A just transition platform for Ida-Viru County was established in on 19 February 2020 by the General Assembly of the Union of Local Governments of Ida-Virumaa. The role of the platform is to organise discussions and engagement on the just transition. The platform will work through different opinions and formulate proposals for the just transition, which will serve as input to the steering committee and the draftsmen of strategy papers related to the process at national and regional level. The members of the platform include trade unions, business associations, companies, state representatives and other organisations.
In addition, to manage the just transition process, the Ministry of Finance has established a Just Transition Steering Committee on 12 June 2020. The steering committee consists of 18 different parties: ministries, regional bodies, representatives of employers, employees, environmental organisations, universities, etc. The role of the steering committee is to make proposals concerning just transition and monitor the achievement of the results of the territorial transition plan and to make recommendations for changes to the plan or the measures implemented under it.
No information about the views regarding the specific measure.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|B - Mining And Quarrying||B7 Mining of metal ores|
|B8 Other mining and quarrying|
|C - Manufacturing||C10 Manufacture of food products|
|C11 Manufacture of beverages|
|C13 Manufacture of textiles|
|C14 Manufacture of wearing apparel|
|C15 Manufacture of leather and related products|
|C16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials|
|C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products|
|C18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media|
|C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products|
|C21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations|
|C22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products|
|C23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products|
|C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment|
|C26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products|
|C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment|
|C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.|
|C29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers|
|C30 Manufacture of other transport equipment|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2022), Support for investments in Ida-Viru business to move away from oil-shale production, measure EE-2022-26/2913 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EE-2022-26_2913.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.