Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EE-2022-21/2302 – measures in Estonia
|Country||Estonia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 17 May 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping or obtaining a safe home
|Author||Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||17 May 2022 (updated 20 September 2022)|
The measures aims to help Ukrainian refugees to rent a dwelling and motivate owners to provide accommodation for rent by making sure the refugees have at least the initial funding for the dwelling. The Estonian National Social Insurance Board started concluding contracts with the local governments who will provide the compensation on 17 May 2022.
The Ukrainian refugees who have received temporary protection, whose residence is registered in the population register and who have and open-ended or a long-term rental contract may receive (or their landlord may receive) a one-off reimbursement of the initial payments related to the accommodation. This includes, for instance, costs related to the rent, brokerage, translation, primary furnishing. Each local government can decide the nature and extent of the costs that are compensated. The compensation is needs-based. The maximum amount is up to six times the subsistence level (€150) per family, which currently makes €900. It is planned to raise the subsistence level to €200 and so the compensation will increase to up to €1,200.
In total, €17 million is foreseen for the measure from the supplementary state budget, approved by the Parliament on 18 May 2022.
By 29 July 2022, the Social Insurance Board had signed contracts with almost all of the local governments (66 out of 79). 833 Ukrainian families have received the support.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Local / regional government
Public support service providers
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||Unknown|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The process and aims of involvement is not clear. However, the Association of Estonian Cities and Municipalities has stated that they have contributed in every way to the conclusion of administrative agreements between the Social Insurance Board and local governments.
The Association of Estonian Cities and Municipalities is pleased that the local governments have reacted quickly to the invitation to sign such agreements.
Eurofound (2022), Financial support for refugees for moving to long-term accommodation, measure EE-2022-21/2302 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EE-2022-21_2302.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.