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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure EE-2022-11/2316 – measures in Estonia

Free public transport for Ukrainian refugees

Tasuta ühistransport Ukraina põgenikele

Country Estonia , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 11 March 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Other initiatives or policies
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Provision of services in kind (e.g. food vouchers)
Author Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound
Measure added 18 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)

Background information

Due to the war in Ukraine, more than 20,000 war refugees have arrived in Estonia. To facilitate their stay in Estonia the Estonian Transport Administration, Elron (national passenger train operator) and local public transport centres and local governments have agreed to facilitate the travel possibilities for Ukrainian refugees in Estonia.

Content of measure

In order to support the Ukrainian war refugees to find a job, place to live and move around, they have the right for free of charge use of the public transport in Estonia. This covers bus, tram, trolleybus and train lines administrated by the national or regional authorities. Private public transport is not included (e.g. between larger towns). To prove their right to travel free of charge, refugees receive a corresponding public transport card from the host local government or regional Public Transport Center. With the support, travel within towns, counties and somewhat between counties in one region is free for the refugees.

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Local / regional government
Local funds
National funds
Regional funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


No involvement.

Views and reactions

No information.


  • 14 March 2022: Ukrainian war refugees can travel Estonian trains and city and county buses free of charge (


Eurofound (2022), Free public transport for Ukrainian refugees, measure EE-2022-11/2316 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.