Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EE-2022-11/2316 – measures in Estonia
|Country||Estonia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 11 March 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Provision of services in kind (e.g. food vouchers)
|Author||Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||18 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)|
Due to the war in Ukraine, more than 20,000 war refugees have arrived in Estonia. To facilitate their stay in Estonia the Estonian Transport Administration, Elron (national passenger train operator) and local public transport centres and local governments have agreed to facilitate the travel possibilities for Ukrainian refugees in Estonia.
In order to support the Ukrainian war refugees to find a job, place to live and move around, they have the right for free of charge use of the public transport in Estonia. This covers bus, tram, trolleybus and train lines administrated by the national or regional authorities. Private public transport is not included (e.g. between larger towns). To prove their right to travel free of charge, refugees receive a corresponding public transport card from the host local government or regional Public Transport Center. With the support, travel within towns, counties and somewhat between counties in one region is free for the refugees.
No information available.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Local / regional government
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Free public transport for Ukrainian refugees, measure EE-2022-11/2316 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EE-2022-11_2316.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.