Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure EE-2021-1/1635 – measures in Estonia
|Country||Estonia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 January 2021 – 31 December 2023|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Ingel Kadarik (Praxis Center for Policy Studies) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||30 December 2020 (updated 11 January 2021)|
The employment programme is a flexible way to respond to economic and social developments and situations via labour market measures. It is a government decree established usually for three years on the basis of the Labour Market Services and Benefits Act. It allows to provide services and benefits on more favourable conditions and establish new measures temporarily in addition to the Act.
The current programme ends with 2020, thus a new programme was established. The general purpose of the programme of 2021-2023 is to:
The programme takes into account the hardship caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and aims to mitigate the negative labour market effects. For this reason, compared to the previous programme, it will concentrate more on supporting unemployed, instead of preventing unemployment.
Several new measures were introduced with the new employment programme, while some measures were made more flexible. Some of them were planned to be established anyway, but the COVID-19 accelerated the developments. The main highlights of the programme are:
The budget of the programme is up to €171.3 million between in 2021-2023.
According to the explanatory note of the decree, it is expected that around 20,000 persons will use the measures each year.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners are members of the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund Council and are thus directly consulted.
No information available.
Eurofound (2020), New employment programme 2021-2023, measure EE-2021-1/1635 (measures in Estonia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/EE-2021-1_1635.html
30 January 2023
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.