Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DK-2022-13/2283 – measures in Denmark
|Country||Denmark , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 22 March 2022 – 17 March 2024|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping or obtaining a safe home
|Author||Louise Fabricius (Oxford Research)|
|Measure added||16 May 2022 (updated 10 July 2023)|
When the war in Ukraine began, millions of Ukrainians were forced to flee. Thus, the parliament agreed to an act that makes it easier to be allowed residence in Denmark. The act’s purpose is to secure quicker access to the Danish society, so Ukrainian citizens can be allowed to go to school, gain education and work.
The act refers to Ukrainian citizen who fled Ukraine on the 24 February 2022 or later, and for Ukrainian citizens who already had a place of residence in Denmark at the time in question. Citizens who obtain residence in Denmark under the special act are allowed to work and get education. If a citizen under the given act is not working nor receiving any social benefits, the person will be offered a program that will help them gain employment in the Danish workforce. Additionally, they will be offered Danish education. Moreover, spouses and people with familiar connection who shared residence with the refugee before leaving Ukraine can also apply for asylum in Denmark.
The special act was presented by the Ministry of Immigration and Integration and will be implemented by the municipalities.
As of the 16 May 2022, 26,512 accumulated applications have been sent by Ukrainian citizens. 15,148 Ukrainian citizens have been granted a temporary residence permit.
As of 5 June 2023, 40,572 applications had been submitted by Ukrainian citizens for temporary residence permits. 36,956 residence permits had been granted.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
There has not been any involvement from social partners. The measure was presented by the Ministry of Immigration and Integration and will be implemented by the municipalities.
There has not been any reactions to the measure by social partners. However, several NGO's have uttered their opinion on the measure. Red Cross Denmark is happy that the government greets Ukrainian refugees with easier access to the Danish Workforce and the Danish education system. However, they criticise that the special acts will partially be funded by the development aid fund (2 billion Danish crowns). NGO’s like Amnesty International, Action Aid Denmark and Refugee Welcome have criticised the special act for favouring Ukrainian refugees over other refugees who still have to wait for years for residence permits to be processed, and must pass through restrictive assessments procedures.
Eurofound (2022), Temporary residence permit for displaced people from Ukraine , measure DK-2022-13/2283 (measures in Denmark), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DK-2022-13_2283.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.