Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DK-2021-22/1624 – measures in Denmark
|Country||Denmark , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 28 May 2021 – 31 December 2022|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Maria Hansen (FAOS, University of Copenhagen)|
|Measure added||23 December 2020 (updated 19 July 2021)|
In May 2021 there were still 15,000 more long-term unemployed in Denmark compared to before the pandemic. On 17 May 2021, the government called on parties that had been involved in adjusting the aid packages in order to negotiate an agreement for the long-term unemployed population (defined as people that have been out of work for a year), which may find it harder to return to work when the Danish society opens back up post summer. The small population includes seniors and unskilled workers in particular. On 28 May 2021 the government and parties agreed to allocate DKK 159 million to a number of temporary initiatives to help the long-term unemployed get a foot in the labour market again.
The agreement concludes nine measures divided in to four areas of long-term unemployment:
Initiatives targeted at the long-term unemployed over 50 years
Both private and public companies will be able to receive an additional grant of DKK 20 per hour if they employ a long-term unemployed over 50 years of age on the existing wage subsidy scheme (løntilskudsordning) in 2021 and 2022. DKK 23.6 million is allocated to this.
A trial period in 2021-2022 of extending the period of business internships from four to eight weeks for long-term unemployed seniors over the age of 50.
Initiatives targeted at upskilling of the long-term unemployed
Additional DKK 25 million in 2021 to the regional educational fund, so more unemployed, including the long-term unemployed, can exercise their right to a single short course that quickly can convert to new jobs and industries. It is estimated that with the additional funding, approximately 3,500 job-oriented courses could be carried out in 2021.
Extension of the right to a real competence assessment (RKV) to skilled workers to also be available to skilled benefit recipients, cash benefit recipients and transitional benefit recipients outside the the introduction programme, which has also reached the age of 30. DKK 21.6 million is allocated for a trial in 2021-2022.
Initiatives targeted at all long-term unemployed
DKK 25 million is allocated to extend the scheme of VEU (Adult Continuing Training Support) coordinators up to and including 2022. The coordinators' task is to ensure a good match between the companies' demand for skills and the upskilling of the unemployed.
DKK 7 million is allocated to extend an already ongoing experiment, which was launched in 2021 to also cover 2022. The experiment extends the maximum duration of the substitution job rotation from 6 to 9 months. This allows unemployed people to have longer period in a temporary agency – including long-term unemployed.
Initiatives targeting young people at risk of long-term unemployment
DKK 5 million for the extension of an already ongoing trainee scheme to include 2022. The trainee scheme is implemented under the auspices of either Akademikerne (The Danish Confederation of Professional Associations) or FH (The Danish Trade Union Confederation), where recent graduates receive unemployment benefits at a graduate rate, receive a company-oriented effort, targeted CV guidance, a upskilling course or a combination thereof.
No information on the usage is available yet.
Older people in employment (aged 55+)
|Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
No direct involvement.
The social partners had no direct involvement, but in March FH (The Danish Trade Union Confederation) put out a proposal to combat long-term unemployment. The initiative emphasised training and upskilling for long-term unemployed benefit recipients. The confederation is thus pleased and praises the government for the agreement.
Eurofound (2020), Agreement on measures targeted at the long-term unemployed, measure DK-2021-22/1624 (measures in Denmark), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DK-2021-22_1624.html
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