Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DK-2020-40/1471 – Updated – measures in Denmark
|Country||Denmark , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 October 2020 – 31 May 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Support for spending, stimulus packages
|Author||Carsten Jørgensen and Maria Hansen (FAOS, University of Copenhagen), Anders Randrup (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||26 November 2020 (updated 19 July 2021)|
As part of a larger government economic stimulus package in response to the coronavirus crisis, it has been possible to get three weeks of the holiday funds. The first political agreement released three weeks of paid holiday funds, while the second agreement on 2 December 2020 released the remaining holiday funds which makes a total of five weeks of holiday funds.
Due to a new Holiday Act, which allows employees to take paid holidays in the same year as they occurred, there have been a transition from 1 September 2019 to 31 August 2020. The holiday money that employees earn during the transition year has been converted into savings in the new fund, Wage earners Holiday Pay (in Danish: Lønmodtagernes Feriemidler ). As stated in the new Holiday Act the employees would have these savings paid out when they reach the state pension age. However, due to the coronavirus it has been possible to get the holiday funds before the pension age.
In Denmark, employees are entitled to five weeks paid holiday per year. ‘Holiday funds' or in Danish feriepenge is a monthly contribution paid out of the employee's salary into a special fund, depending on the level of earnings.
Employees could apply for three weeks of holiday funds in the period from 1 October 2020 to 1 December 2020 as part of the first political agreement. The payment is the equivalent of approximately 12.5% of the employees holiday entitled pay in the period from 1 September 2019 to 31 March 2020.
Approximately 3 million people have holiday savings corresponding to approximately DKK 60 billion.
Following a new political agreement on 2 December 2020, employees can now apply for the remaining period (two weeks) of holiday funds. It is stated in the political agreement that the payment must take place from March 2021, which is the earliest possible time when the remaining holiday funds can be calculated and paid out.
It is possible to get the holiday funds from 1 September to 1 December 2020. By 29 September 1,153,500 people have claimed their holiday funds. It is estimated to correspond to a total of just over DKK 25 billion out of a total of DKK 60 billion, which can be paid out.
For the remaining two weeks of holiday funds the application period was 24 March to 31 May 2021. On 17 May 2021 more than 2 million employees have ordered their two weeks of frozen holiday pay amounting to over DKK 34 billion being sent for payment. The final number is not available.
|Applies to all workers||Does not apply to businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The social partners have been supportive to release the holiday funds to stimulate the economy.
Eurofound (2020), Payment of holiday funds, measure DK-2020-40/1471 (measures in Denmark), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DK-2020-40_1471.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.