Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DK-2007-22/2517 – Updated – measures in Denmark
|Country||Denmark , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 June 2007|
|Context||COVID-19, Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Reorientation of business activities
– Transfer or redeployment of workers
|Author||Carsten Jørgensen (FAOS, University of Copenhagen), Anders Randrup (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 23 November 2022)|
Collective agreements provide for the establishment of a Competence Development Fund for Industry, to which employers will contribute. The funds will be used to finance the employees' wages while they complete two weeks of training.
To face the COVID-19 pandemic, The Regional Labour Market Councils (RAR) and the Danish Agency for Labor Market and Recruitment (STAR) launched the 'Job-VET-model', an instrument providing companies with funds to pay the wages of workers attending e-learning courses.
An education course may be taken by employees at the request of the enterprise or as part of an education plan made in the enterprise. Employees with nine months of experience in the company are entitled to full pay (often for two weeks per year) while attending the training. The companies involved pay the salary of the employee and cover the training fees. In addition, the individual employee is entitled to participate in an individual 'clarification of competence' course.
This measure is available to employees with 12 months of work experience in a company under the Industrial Agreement concluded by the Central Organisation of Industrial Employees (CO-industri) and the Confederation of Danish Industry (DI).
The 'job-VET-model' consists of e-learning programmes targeting specific industries, and implemented by social partners, educational institutions and The Danish Agency for Labour Market and Recruitment. The instrument was first launched in the service, tourism, hotel and restoration industries, and then the construction and offshore industries were added. At the same time, several other industries are on their way to be included.
Companies that join the programme receive up to 100% of the wage costs while employees participate in distance education.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|10 November 2022||
Once a company agrees to the collective agreement regulating the training fund, it is obliged to contribute to the fund. The amount is now DKK 780 (110 EUR) annually per employee.
The fund was introduced in the Industrial Agreement concluded between CO-industri and DI in 2007. Since 2010, the number of applications has increased and peaked so far in 2013 and 2015, with 16,000 applicants in both years.
This number was exceeded in 2017 (20,178 applicants). In relation to this a surprising decline by took place in 2018 where 14,576 employees applied. At the renewal of the collective agreement in 2020, it was agreed that the pilot scheme during the 2017-2020 period, with the possibility of supporting the companies for the employees' agreed training, is now permanent.
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Unknown|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The Competence Development Funds is based on sectorial agreements between the social partners: Confederation of Danish Industry (DI-Industri) and CO-Industry (The Central organisation Of Employees in the Industry Sector In Denmark).
Eurofound (2022), Competence Development Funds, measure DK-2007-22/2517 (measures in Denmark), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DK-2007-22_2517.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.