Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DK-1962-1/2623 – measures in Denmark
|Country||Denmark , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 January 1962|
|Context||COVID-19, Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Carsten Jørgensen (FAOS, University of Copenhagen), Anders Randrup (Oxford Research) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 17 November 2022)|
Employees can apply to the Employees’ Guarantee Fund (Lønmodtagernes Garantifond, LG) for wage and holiday compensation, indemnification for interruption of the employment relationship and compensation in connection with discharge from employment. LG is an independent national institution founded in 1964, governed by the social partners and regulated by law.
The Employees' Guarantee Fund is broadly accepted as a very important support instrument for the employees who otherwise, in case of bankruptcy of their workplace, would not be protected.
Support is provided in the following cases:
Employer’s death where the court declares the company insolvent;
Termination of the business while it is proven that the employer is unable to pay the employees’ claims;
During the employer’s court-supervised suspension of payments according to the provisions of the bankruptcy law.
The claims have to arise in the period of four months after bankruptcy or six months after notice of suspension of payments or the death of the employer. All private employers in Denmark pay a quarterly contribution to the fund. The maximum compensation from the fund is DKK 160,000 (€21,300).
All employees are eligible, including part-time and fixed-term workers, except family members and close associates of the insolvent employer. There is no minimum duration for the employment relationship in order for workers to qualify for the guarantee.
During the COVID-19 crisis the fund had an increased number of requests and applications. However, there is no official figure yet (September 2020).
In 2020, the fund paid a total of DKK 780 million to employees' wages, compensation, holiday allowance and restructurings.
In 2018, the fund paid a total of DKK 532 million (€71.41 million) to 16,960 employees. In 2017, the fund paid a total of DKK 483 million (€ 64.75 million) to employees. In 2015, the fund paid DKK 497 million (€ 66.3 million) to 16,217 employees. In 2014, the Fund paid a total of DKK 587 million (€ 78.3 million) to 20,280 employees.
The effect of this support instrument is most certainly related to managing restructuring. The employees' wages are secured and they do not stand empty handed in case of bankruptcy of their work place.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Employees' Guarantee Fund, measure DK-1962-1/2623 (measures in Denmark), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DK-1962-1_2623.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.