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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure DE-2022-1/2232 Updated – measures in Germany

Federal financial support for accommodation, schooling, childcare and care for Ukrainian refugees

Bundesmittel zur Unterstützung der Unterbringung, Beschulung, Kinderbetreuung und Pflege ukrainischer Geflüchteter in den Ländern

Country Germany , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 January 2022 – 31 December 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
Author Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound
Measure added 10 May 2022 (updated 08 November 2023)

Background information

In Germany, school access, accommodation, child care, and care for Ukrainian refugees is a competence of the 16 states (Länder) and/or the municipalities. To support the states and municipalities in their tasks, the federal government agreed with the prime ministers of the German states that it would contribute to the state's expenses.

Content of measure

In 2022, the federal government will support the states and municipalities with a total of €2 billion in their expenditure for refugees from Ukraine. The sum consists of:

  • €500 million to support local authorities with the costs of housing for refugees from Ukraine.
  • €500 million to cover the costs in the area of ​​living expenses.
  • €1 billion as a contribution to the other costs of the states like childcare and schooling as well as health and care costs for Ukrainian refugees.

The lump sum is made available to the federal states via an increased share of the sales tax.

Individual states like Berlin which had to make considerable advance payments for distribution logistics when they first welcomed Ukrainian refugees in Germany will receive a special compensation for the costs incurred.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

08 April 2022

The measure was valid for the year 2022 and ended on 31 December 2022.

Use of measure

The German education ministers of the 16 states reported that by 1 May 2022 German schools had integrated 92,572 Ukrainian children since the beginning of the war.

According to the education ministers of the 16 German states at the beginning of September (36th week) there were 179,218 Ukrainian children going to general and vocational schools.

According to a briefing of the German Bundestag of 11 May 2023 by the Federal Government, the Federal Government has borne around €3 billion in benefits for refugees from Ukraine in the area of social benefits, which the Federal Government has transferred to the scope of SGB II or SGB XII since 1 June 2022.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Local / regional government
Local funds
National funds
Regional funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


No information available.

Views and reactions

No information available.



Eurofound (2022), Federal financial support for accommodation, schooling, childcare and care for Ukrainian refugees, measure DE-2022-1/2232 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.