Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DE-2020-22/1136 – measures in Germany
|Country||Germany , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 26 May 2020|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Support for spending, stimulus packages
|Author||Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||15 September 2020 (updated 23 November 2020)|
In view of declining passenger transport figures and a decline in revenues, the federal minister for transport, German Rail (Deutsche Bahn, DB), the employer organisation AGVMove (of which the DB group and DB-related companies are the only members) and the railway and transport workers union EVG concluded a pact aimed at settling conditions for safeguarding the business continuity of Deutsche Bahn. The second trade union in the sector, the engine drivers union GdL, refused to sign the pact, demanding that DB should first revise management practices.
The tripartite statement contains:
The company will contribute by not paying any bonus and any additional flexible premia to its top mangers and to the top managers of its affiliates and by considering reductions in human resources and material resources including job cuts. The Pact for German Rail does not cover temporary agency workers or self-employed individuals. The trade unions pledge to complement the planned measures with collective bargaining .
No data on impact on employment numbers or employment conditions. On the basis of the Pact for Railway, German Railway (Deutsche Bahn) recently approached the German government to demand additional financial support for short-term work.
Employees in standard employment
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The Pact for German Rail is the outcome of an ad-hoc social partner initiative with the aim to mitigate the potential impact of the coronavirus crisis on employment with Deutsche Bahn. Relevant employers and employer organisations were involved, as was the sectoral trade union EGV. The competing trade union GdL refused to participate.
The social partner organisations involved, including the sectoral trade union EVG, supported the measure. The sectoral trade union GdL rejected the measure.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|H - Transportation And Storage||H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Pact for German Rail, measure DE-2020-22/1136 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DE-2020-22_1136.html
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