Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DE-2020-13/715 – Updated – measures in Germany
|Country||Germany , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 27 March 2020 – 31 December 2021|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||17 April 2020 (updated 12 August 2021)|
|Related ERM support instrument|
For halting the spread of the COVID-19 virus, government locked down restaurants and hotels, only delivery and pick up services are allowed. The measure has an enormous impact on the employment situation of the sectoral workers.
The food, restaurant and hotel workers union NGG, an affiliate of trade union confederation DGB, negotiated with two employer organisations to address the situation - with very different results. The federal association of hotel and restaurant employers DEHOGA has rejected to negotiate an agreement on short-time work at all whereas the federal association of system caterers BdS was willing to conclude a Corona protection agreement with some favourable conditions. The new agreement came on top of a sectoral arrangement concluded by the union NGG and the employers' organisation BdS (covering 120,000 workers), agreed in early March which stipulates a wage rise up to €12 per hour until 2021.
The NGG-BdS Corona protection agreement aims at avoiding direct dismissals and at supporting businesses (often franchises) by settling that in case of need:
The agreement covers about 120,000 workers represented by the affiliates of BdS, a.o. McDonalds, Burger King, Starbucks and Pizza Hut.
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Agreed by NGG and BdS.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities||I56 Food and beverage service activities|
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Food preparation assistants|
Eurofound (2020), Collective agreement on short-time working in system catering, measure DE-2020-13/715 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DE-2020-13_715.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.