Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DE-2020-13/406 – measures in Germany
|Country||Germany , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 27 March 2020 – 31 December 2020|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||09 April 2020 (updated 22 July 2021)|
To support companies to get through the crisis, the collective bargaining partners of the chemical and pharmaceutical sector on 27 March 2020 agreed on a fixed-term crisis agreement. It reduced the period for the announcement of short-time working, settles that annual extra days of leave can all be taken in one year rather over a number of years and that flexibility instruments can be developed at establishment level under the condition of the consent of the collective bargaining partners. Furthermore, a joint information desk is set up by the social partners.
Content of the new agreement
According to Federal Employment Agency data, the chemicals sector stood out by a rather low application of the short time working scheme. The application reached its peak in May 2020 (21.4% of all companies of chemical and pharmaceutical sector) and declined to 10.6% of all sectoral companies in August 2020 and stood at 3.5% in January. According to estimations by research institute IFO, the share of companies applying the scheme was 2.6% (source: IFO (2021)).
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Agreement negotiated by the sectoral social partners in view of the beginning pandemic.
Sectoral collective agreement covering the chemical sector in Germany.
This case is sector-specific (only private sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|C - Manufacturing||C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Chemical sector: Collective agreement for getting through the COVID-19 pandemic, measure DE-2020-13/406 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DE-2020-13_406.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.