Factsheet for case CZ-2020-15/454 – Updated – measures in Czechia
|Country||Czechia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 06 April 2020 – 31 May 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g. short-time work)
|Author||Aleš Kroupa (Research Institute for Labour and Social Affairs)|
|Case created||10 April 2020 (updated 06 May 2021)|
|Related ERM support instrument|
The employment protection programme Antivirus is designed to help companies to protect jobs. The state will compensate companies – through the Labour Office of the Czech Republic – for wages paid out to employees. This measure will help employers better manage the current situation so that they will not have to resort to layoffs. The wage reimbursement is intended for employers who have to cope with restrictions due to COVID-19 crisis resolutions of the Czech government or whose employees are quarantined. There are two models/regimes of reimbursement depending on the reasons for the obstacle to work (see content of measure). The government has approved the Antivirus programme to compensate employers’ salary costs from 12 March 2020. The applications for wage compensations refunds have been opened since 6 April, 2020 by the Labour Office. The programme was repeatedly extended to 30th April, 31 May, 31 August, 31 October and to 31 December.
The compensation model is based on the German Kurzarbeit model.
Regime A - Forced limitation or closure of business operation and ordered quarantine.
A state contribution under Regime A will amount to 80% of the paid wage compensation, including insurance contributions (max. CZK 39,000 (€1,415) per employee and month).
Regime B - Connected economic difficulties (Obstacles to work on the part of an employer due to the connected economic difficulties because of the spread of the coronavirus).
Depending on the type of obstacle the employee receives a wage compensation amounting to 60-100% of the average earnings
Contribution under Regime B will amount to 60% of the paid wage compensation, including insurance contributions (max. CZK 29,000 (€1052) per employee and month).
Basic subsidy conditions:
As of 12 July 2020, 56,963 companies applied to participate in the Antivirus Program and wages of 719,256 employees have been supported by the Program. Thus, every fifth company that pays social security contributions for at least one employee has applied to participate in the Program. As of 12 July CZK 14.5 billion has been paid out (of which 40% has been allocated in regime A and 60% in regime B). Enterprises from three most vulnerable sectors (retail/wholesale, accommodation, catering, hospitality and manufacturing) submitted 55.7% of applications. The majority of companies are SMEs.
As of March 22, 2021, 70,928 companies had applied to participate in the antivirus program, and the program supported the salaries of 987,149 employees. As of that date, CZK 34.8 billion was paid out.
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Both social partners were consulted.
Eurofound (2020), Antivirus employment retention programme, case CZ-2020-15/454 (measures in Czechia), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.