Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure CZ-2007-1/2223 – measures in Czechia
|Country||Czechia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 January 2007|
|Context||COVID-19, War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping or obtaining a safe home
|Author||Aleš Kroupa (Research Institute for Labour and Social Affairs)|
|Measure added||09 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)|
The Housing supplement is provided according to Act No. 111/2006 Coll., on Assistance in material need. Housing supplement is a benefit of the Assistance in material need which, together with the citizen's own income and the Housing allowance, helps to cover housing costs. The benefit is provided to persons or families with low incomes in order to cover housing costs, including the impact of rising energy prices caused by both market forces and, possibly, the bankruptcy of energy suppliers, which also results in unexpected increases in energy prices.
The amount of the Housing supplement is set so that after paying the costs of housing (i.e. rent, utilities and energy bills), the person or family is left with enough to live on. The amount of the benefit is derived from the so-called living minimum stipulated by law and must not be lower than the so-called subsistence minimum. The Housing supplement is for an individual or family. The support is linked to the living minimum and to the receipt of other social benefits from the state social support system, specifically the Housing allowance. As the benefit is conditional on the receipt of the living minimum, it is intended for individuals and families with no income of their own.
Based on this measure, it was possible to immediately pay a humanitarian benefit of CZK 5,000 to the citizens of Ukraine after the visa was issued. From 21 March 2022, the payment of this benefit is regulated by the new Act No. 66/2022 Coll. on employment and social security measures in connection with the armed conflict in Ukraine caused by the invasion of Russian troops.
Development of the Housing supplement in the years 2010 to 2020. From the Statistical Yearbook of Labour and Social Affairs
The number of granted benefits, and thus also the annual volumes of the paid Housing supplement, grew rapidly until 2016 at the same time as the normative housing costs increased. Thanks to faster wage growth and slower growth of the normative housing costs, the number of granted benefits and the corresponding annual volume of paid contributions began to decline from 2017.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
People on social benefits
People on low incomes
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
By law, social partner organisations are a place of comment in the legislative process.
The opinion of the social partners on Act No. 111/2006 Coll., on Assistance in material need is not known.
Eurofound (2022), Housing supplement for low income households extended to Ukrainian refugees, measure CZ-2007-1/2223 (measures in Czechia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/CZ-2007-1_2223.html
30 January 2023
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.