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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure CZ-2007-1/2223 – measures in Czechia

Housing supplement for low income households extended to Ukrainian refugees

Doplatek na bydlení

Country Czechia , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 January 2007
Context COVID-19, War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Keeping or obtaining a safe home
Author Aleš Kroupa (Research Institute for Labour and Social Affairs)
Measure added 09 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)

Background information

The Housing supplement is provided according to Act No. 111/2006 Coll., on Assistance in material need. Housing supplement is a benefit of the Assistance in material need which, together with the citizen's own income and the Housing allowance, helps to cover housing costs. The benefit is provided to persons or families with low incomes in order to cover housing costs, including the impact of rising energy prices caused by both market forces and, possibly, the bankruptcy of energy suppliers, which also results in unexpected increases in energy prices.

Content of measure

The amount of the Housing supplement is set so that after paying the costs of housing (i.e. rent, utilities and energy bills), the person or family is left with enough to live on. The amount of the benefit is derived from the so-called living minimum stipulated by law and must not be lower than the so-called subsistence minimum. The Housing supplement is for an individual or family. The support is linked to the living minimum and to the receipt of other social benefits from the state social support system, specifically the Housing allowance. As the benefit is conditional on the receipt of the living minimum, it is intended for individuals and families with no income of their own.

Based on this measure, it was possible to immediately pay a humanitarian benefit of CZK 5,000 to the citizens of Ukraine after the visa was issued. From 21 March 2022, the payment of this benefit is regulated by the new Act No. 66/2022 Coll. on employment and social security measures in connection with the armed conflict in Ukraine caused by the invasion of Russian troops.

Use of measure

Development of the Housing supplement in the years 2010 to 2020. From the Statistical Yearbook of Labour and Social Affairs

  • 2020: CZK 1,627,770 (€61,555,362)
  • 2019: CZK 1,605,923 (€62,555,430)
  • 2018: CZK 1,893,746 (€73,850,408)
  • 2017: CZK 2,422,597 (€92,009,001)
  • 2016: CZK 2,917,123 (€107,909,703)
  • 2015: CZK 3,136,201 (€114,950,739)
  • 2014: CZK 3,248,852 (€117,998,475)
  • 2013: CZK 2,814,372 (€108,353,430)
  • 2012: CZK 1,673,919 (€66,575,946)
  • 2011: CZK 850,221 (€34,581,510)
  • 2010: CZK 686,077 (€27,128,391)

The number of granted benefits, and thus also the annual volumes of the paid Housing supplement, grew rapidly until 2016 at the same time as the normative housing costs increased. Thanks to faster wage growth and slower growth of the normative housing costs, the number of granted benefits and the corresponding annual volume of paid contributions began to decline from 2017.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees
People on social benefits
People on low incomes

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


By law, social partner organisations are a place of comment in the legislative process.

Views and reactions

The opinion of the social partners on Act No. 111/2006 Coll., on Assistance in material need is not known.



Eurofound (2022), Housing supplement for low income households extended to Ukrainian refugees, measure CZ-2007-1/2223 (measures in Czechia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.