European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure CY-2022-49/3022 – measures in Cyprus

Introduction of first full length-electric buses in Cyprus

Εισαγωγή των πρώτων μεγάλων ηλεκτρικών λεωφορείων στην Κύπρο

Country Cyprus , applies locally

    • – CY0 ΚΥΠΡΟΣ (Kypros)
Time period Open ended, started on 01 December 2022
Context Green Transition
Type Company practices
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Support for spending, stimulus packages
Author Loucas Antoniou (INEK) and Eurofound
Measure added 31 January 2023 (updated 21 March 2023)

Background information

The Limassol Bus Company (EMEL) and the Cyprus Public Transport (CPT), operating in Nicosia and Larnaca, have announced the introduction of the first full-length electric buses in Cyprus. The introduction of the electric buses is a contractual commitment of the companies provided in the contracts signed with the Ministry of Transport, Communications and Work.

Content of measure

In investing to the future of sustainable, urban green mobility, two of the four transportation companies in Cyprus – EMEL, operating in the district of Limassol and CPT, operating in the districts of Nicosia and Larnaca – have announced the purchase of 34 and 5 urban full-length electric buses, respectively. As announced by EMEL, the new 35 electric buses will cover journeys totalling of two million km. The new buses feature the latest technologies meeting the highest European standards contributing to the overall modernisation of public transportation in the Island. These contractual commitments of the companies contribute to the government’s plan to upgrade public transportation as a means to encouraging citizens to use public transportation as a substantial alternative in terms of mobility needs of citizens.

The war in Ukraine, the spread of the pandemic and the EU suctions against Russian delayed some electric and electronic components of the buses; it is expected that by February 2023, the buses are to operate.

Use of measure

Beneficiaries of the introduction of the full-length electric buses are the citizens using public transportation in the districts of Nicosia, Limassol and Larnaca but it is not feasible to estimate the numbers that will finally use them.


  • Other topics

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Applies to all citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Company level


Social partners are not involved in the process of designing, implementation and monitoring of the measure. The Ministry of Transport, Communications and Work concluded agreements with the two public transportation companies upon the renewal of their contracts that provides, among others, the introduction of the full-length electric buses.

Views and reactions

No particular reactions of social partners to the introduction of the measures have been recorded. However, social partners have an established position over time for the development of a modern, reliable, intelligent, functional and integrated public transportation system to liberate cities from the traffic chaos that serve citizens and contributes to the green sustainable targets of the country, at the same time.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      H - Transportation And Storage H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 23 December 2022: Tα πρώτα ηλεκτρικά λεωφορεία στην Κύπρο είναι γεγονός! (
  • 16 January 2023: 35 ηλεκτρικά λεωφορεία στους δρόμους της Λεμεσού (


Eurofound (2023), Introduction of first full length-electric buses in Cyprus, measure CY-2022-49/3022 (measures in Cyprus), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.